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2011년 3월 28일 월요일

재난과 역경에 처한 일본 - 지진 후 18일 째 사진과 동영상 - Radiation seeping to seawater and soil in Japan D+18

Map of the Damage From the Japanese Earthquake

An interactive map and photographs of places in Japan that were damaged by the March 11 





Mourners gather around victims of the March 11 earthquake and tsunami during a mass funeral in Yamamoto on March 26.
























People view a grounded cargo ship on a pier in Kamaishi port in Iwate Prefecture on Saturday, March 26. It was hurled there by the tsunami that followed the big earthquake that struck northeastern Japan on March 11. More than 10,000 people were killed and nearly 17,000 have been reported missing.

Panorama: Electrical shortage forces Tokyo to dim lights.
JAPAN-QUAKE/
Tsunami victims wait in the line to receive aid more than two weeks after the area was devastated by a magnitude 9.0 earthquake and tsunami in a badly burnt area of Yamada town, 
JAPAN-QUAKE/
Seventeen-year-old high school student Saki Shimizu studies English at a gymnasium of Ofunato Junior High School, serving as an evacuation shelter, in Ofunato
JAPAN/
A crow flies across a road at Otsu port, which was hit by the March 11 earthquake and tsunami, in Kitaibaraki, Ibaraki prefecture 
INDONESIA
A woman places her handprint on a backdrop that represents the Japanese flag during an event in support of the victims of the March 11 earthquake and tsunami in Japan, in front of the Japanese embassy, in Jakarta March 27, 2011.

Children laugh as they wait in line for a home-cooked meal at the Biko-en Children's Care House in Shichinohe, Japan, during a community service project hosted by servicemembers assigned to Naval Air Facility Misawa and Misawa Air Base. Volunteers also donated food, clothing and toys to the center.

Hideo Kudo prays with his son Nagisa at the place where his missing father was last seen, beside an elevated railroad in Tanohata village, Iwate Prefecture

A resident salvages items next to a destroyed building moved by the tsunami in Onagawa, Miyagi prefecture.

Residents cook steamed rice in Onagawa. The death toll from Japan's worst postwar disaster topped 10,000.

Children watch television at an evacuation center in Onagawa Iwate Prefecture,

A resident looks out from his damaged home in Yamada, Iwate Prefecture.

A statue of two children, one covered by debris, stands in the devastated city of Onagawa, Miyagi Prefecture,

Heavy machinery piles up tsunami rubble to a height of 10 metres in Natori city in Miyagi prefecture. Work is expected to continue for weeks just to clear all the debris left in the wake of the earthquake and tsunami. 

Mourners gather around victims of the March 11 earthquake and tsunami during a mass funeral in Yamamoto on March 26.
More radioactive water leaks from Japan site 3/27/2011


Workers discovered new pools of radioactive water leaking from Japan's crippled nuclear complex, officials said Monday, as emergency crews struggled to pump out hundreds of tons of contaminated water and bring the plant back under control.

Officials believe the contaminated water has sent radioactivity levels soaring at the coastal complex and caused more radiation to seep into soil and seawater.
The Fukushima Dai-ichi power plant, 140 miles northeast of Tokyo, was crippled March 11 when a tsunami spawned by a powerful earthquake slammed into Japan's northeastern coast. The huge wave engulfed much of the complex, and destroyed the crucial power systems needed to cool the complex's nuclear fuel rods.
Since then, three of the complex's six units are believed to have partially melted down, and emergency crews have struggled with everything from malfunctioning pumps to dangerous spikes in radiation that have forced temporary evacuations.
Radiation Seeping to Seawater and Soil in Japan
video
Experts warn that Japan faces a long fight to contain the world's most dangerous atomic crisis in 25 years.
"This is far beyond what one nation can handle — it needs to be bumped up to the U.N. Security Council," said Najmedin Meshkati, of the University of Southern California. "In my humble opinion, this is more important than the Libya no-fly zone."
Murray Jennex, a nuclear power plant expert and associate professor at San Diego State University, said "there's not really a plan B" other than to dry out the plant, get power restored and start cooling it down.
The troubles at the Fukushima complex have eclipsed Pennsylvania's 1979 crisis at Three Mile Island, when a partial meltdown raised fears of widespread radiation release, but is still well short of the 1986 Chernobyl disaster, which killed at least 31 people with radiation sickness, raised long-term cancer rates, and spewed radiation for hundreds of miles.
While parts of the Japanese plant has been reconnected to the power grid, the contaminated water — which has now been found in numerous places around the complex, including the basements of several buildings — must be pumped out before electricity can be restored to the cooling system.
That has left officials struggling with two sometimes-contradictory efforts: pumping in water to keep the fuel rods cool and pumping out — and then safely storing — contaminated water.
Hidehiko Nishiyama, a spokesman for Japan's Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency, called that balance "very delicate work."
He also said workers were still looking for safe ways to store the radioactive water.The buildup of radioactive water first became a problem last week, when it splashed over the boots of two workers, burning them and prompting a temporary suspension of work.
Then on Monday, officials with Tokyo Electric Power Co., which owns and runs the complex, said that workers had found more radioactive water in deep trenches used for pipes and electrical wiring outside three units.
The contaminated water has been emitting radiation exposures more than four times the amount that the government considers safe for workers.
The five workers in the area at the time were not hurt, said TEPCO spokesman Takashi Kurita.
Elementary school children share a chuckle as they reunite for the first time since the March 11 earthquake at Masuda Nishi elementary school in Natori, Miyagi Prefecture on Monday. The words on the blackboard read "How have you been doing?Japanese military search a collapsed building for bodies on Sunday in Kensennuma.Boxes of emergency supplies contributed from the whole country are stacked in Onagawa town, Miyagi prefecture on March 26.A volunteer takes a breather March 26 while helping to clean a resident's house, which was damaged by the earthquake and tsunami in Higashi-Matsushima, in Miyagi Prefecture.A car hangs from a damaged building in Onagawa town, Miyagi prefecture, on March 26.A basketball provides a moment's distraction from the conditions at a crowded makeshift evacuation center inRikuzentakata.wrecked train carriage rests over a cemetery in Onagawa, Miyagi prefecture on March 26.Rubble and debris is about all that's left in the tsunami-damaged city of Yamada on March 25.Damaged TV sets are stacked at a temporary dump site, converted from a baseball field, in Sendai.
A photo series taken on March 11 and released March 25 shows the tsunami swallowing vehicles and houses at a bridge in Sendai city in Miyagi prefecture.
In Japan Radiation Level in Sea Water Raises Fear
                                           video
Tsunami Survivors Band Together
video

Japan's Human Tolls
video

Japan't Tsunami Aftermath
video

Status of the Nuclear Reactors at the Fukushima Daiichi Power Plant

None of the six reactors at the plant have operated since the earthquake. But explosions have damaged four of the buildings, and fuel in the reactors and spent fuel stored in the buildings is in danger of melting and releasing radioactive materials. Last updated on March 26, 1 p.m. EDT. All reactor status updates are listed in Japan time.

Reactor 1Outer building is damaged and it is presumed that there was a partial meltdown. Small amounts of radioactivity have been vented. Reactor has 400 fuel assemblies, the spent fuel pool has 292.

  
MARCH 27, 6:00 PM
As part of the efforts to restore power, workers begin to pump water from the turbine building to the main condenser.
MARCH 26, 11:30 PMTemperature within the reactor has dropped to 291 degrees Fahrenheit, which is still above "cold" shutdown temperatures of less than 100 degrees.
MARCH 26, 8:00 AMFreshwater injection continues. White smoke continues to emanate from the building.
MARCH 25, 3:37 PMFreshwater is now being injected into the reactor. There have been reports that the use of saltwater in Reactor 3 may be dislodging highly radioactive cobalt and molybdenum.
MARCH 25, 6:20 AM
White smoke being emitted continuously.
MARCH 24, 6:05 PMTemperature within the reactor has dropped to 424 degrees. White smoke continues to rise from the unit.



Reactor 2

Partial meltdown is presumed to have occurred. The primary containment vessel may have been damaged and some radioactivity has vented. Reactor has 548 fuel assemblies, the spent fuel pool has 587.

MARCH 26, 4:46 Pm Power is restored to the main control room
.

MARCH 26, 11:00 AMTemperature in the spent fuel pool is 135 degrees Fahrenheit (normal is 77 degrees).

MARCH 26, 10:00 AM
Freshwater is now being injected into the reactor.

MARCH 26, 8:00 


AMWhite smoke being emitted continuously.

MARCH 25, 12:30 PMSeawater is run into the spent fuel pool for roughly two hours. Seawater injection into the reactor continues.

MARCH 25, 06:20 AMWhite smoke is rising from the building.



Reactor 3

The reactor used uranium and plutonium, which may produce more toxic radioactivity. The reactor containment vessel may have been damaged and the spent fuel pool may have become uncovered. Reactor has 548 fuel assemblies, the spent fuel pool has 514.


MARCH 27, 12:34 PMWater is injected into the reactor for two hours, ending at 2:36 PM.

MARCH 26, 8:00 AMWhite smoke being emitted continuously. Freshwater injection continues.

MARCH 25, 6:02 PMFreshwater is being injected into the reactor. There are concerns that aggressive saltwater use may be dislodging highly radioactive cobalt and molybdenum.

MARCH 25, 4:44 PMThe three workers exposed to high levels of radiation, who are fully conscious and ambulatory, are transferred to the National Institute of Radiological Sciences for monitoring.

MARCH 25, 4:00 PMFire trucks sprayed water on the building for two and a half hours.

MARCH 25Officials say that the reactor vessel may have been damaged. A senior nuclear executive who insisted on anonymity said that there was a long vertical crack running down the side of the vessel.


Reactor 4

Spent fuel rods in a water pool may have become exposed to air, emitting radioactive gases. An explosion and fire have damaged the building. No fuel assemblies in reactor; 548 were removed for maintenance and are part of 1,331 in spent fuel pools.

MARCH 27, 4:34 PMWater is sprayed on the spent fuel pool for almost three hours.

MARCH 26, 8:00 AM
White smoke being emitted continuously from the building.

MARCH 25, 7:05 PM
Trucks spray water on the building.

MARCH 26, 8:00 AMWhite smoke continues to rise from the building

.

MARCH 25, 6:20 AMWhite smoke is rising from the building. Seawater is run into the spent fuel pool from 6:05 AM until 10:20 AM.

MARCH 25, 6:05 AMStart of about 4 hours of injecting seawater into the spent fuel pool.


Reactor 5

The reactor is shut down and the building is not damaged. But the concern has been about spent fuel in the building becoming exposed to air. Reactor has 548 fuel assemblies, the spent fuel pool has 946.


MARCH 24, 4:14 PMA replacement pump for the cooling system is started and at 4:35 PM, cooling of the reactor resumes.

MARCH 23, 5:24 PMThe cooling system is broken. Officials say they will repair the pump in the morning.

MARCH 21, 11:36 AMPower, which had been supplied from an emergency diesel generator, is now coming from an external source.

MARCH 20, 2:30 PMReactor is "cold shut down," meaning temperatures and pressures in the core have returned to normal.

MARCH 20, 2:00 PMTemperature in the spent fuel pool is 95 degrees Fahrenheit (normal is 77 degrees).

MARCH 19, 6:00 PM Temperature in the spent fuel pool is 119 degrees Fahrenheit



Reactor 6

The reactor is shut down and the building is not damaged. But the concern has been about spent fuel in the building becoming exposed to air. Reactor has 764 fuel assemblies, and there are 876 in spent fuel pools.

MARCH 25, 3:40 PMPower for the unit's cooling system is switched from temporary to permanent.

MARCH 22, 7:17 PMPower, which had been supplied from an emergency diesel generator, is now coming from an external source.

MARCH 20, 7:27 PMReactor is "cold shut down," meaning temperatures and pressures in the core have returned to normal.

MARCH 20, 2:00 PMTemperature in the spent fuel pool is 86 degrees Fahrenheit (normal is 77 degrees).

MARCH 19, 10:14 PMA second pump system begins operating to cool the spent fuel pool.

MARCH 19, 6:00 PMTemperature in the spent fuel pool is 153 degrees Fahrenheit.


Overview of the Power Plant

Overview



A woman reacts while using a mobile phone as she looks at her house destroyed by the earthquake and tsunami in Kessenuma town, Miyagi prefecture on Monday, March 28.

Reiko Kikuta, right, and her husband Takeshi Kikuta stand on the port as workers attempt to attach ropes to their submerged home to try to pull it ashore with construction equipment on Oshima Island in northeastern Japan on Monday.

A pine tree stands amid the tsunami devastated area in Rikuzentakaka, Iwate Prefecture on Sunday. It was the only one among several tens of thousands of other pine trees forming "Takata Matsubara", or Takata seaside pine forest, which remained after the March 11 tsunami washed away all the others, local media said.

A Japanese soldier uses a snow shovel to try and clear a street of mud in the tsunami and earthquake ravaged city of Kesennuma, northeastern Japan on Sunday.

A handout made available by the Japanese Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency on 25 March shows employees of Tokyo Electric Power Co. work to restore power to the central control rooms at Unit 1 and Unit 2 at Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear plant on 23 March

A Japan Self Defense Forces ship tows a U.S. Navy barge filled with freshwater to be used to cool Tokyo Electric Power Co's Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant, in Tokyo harbor on March 25.

Ryo Taira, right, and an unidentified man lift a baby dolphin out of a flooded rice field after it was swept inland by the tsunami. Taira found the porpoise struggling in the shallow seawater on March 22 and after failing to net it, waded in to the field, which had yet to be sown with rice, to cradle the four foot animal in his arms.

A man takes pictures of a whale museum damaged by the tsunami in Yamada town, on March 25.

A woman pauses as she cleans her house destroyed by the tsunami in Kamaishi town, Iwate Prefecture on March 25. Two weeks after a devastating earthquake and tsunami that obliterated towns on Japan's northeast coast, survivors tried to find a sense of normalcy in lives that have been ripped apart

Two residents exchange words as they are reunited two weeks after the March 11 earthquake and tsunami in a makeshift public bath set up outside a shelter by Japan Ground Self-Defense Force personnel in Yamamoto, Miyagi Prefecture on March 25.

A girl and her mother try secondhand clothes, donated for relief supplies at a shelter at Onagawa town in Miyagi prefecture on March 25.

Rim Fujimoto, 5, holds a bottle of water at a supermarket in Tokyo on March 25. Tokyo's 13 million residents were told this week not to give tap water to babies after contamination from rain put radiation at twice the safety level. It dropped back to safe levels the next day, and the city governor cheerily drank water in front of cameras at a water purifying plant. Despite government reassurances and appeals for people not to panic, there has been a rush on bottled water.

A survivor checks salvaged possessions on display at a corner of the town hall in Yamada town, Iwate prefecture on March 25.

Local residents walk over debris underneath a washed up boat wedged between two buildings in the tsunami-damaged town of Yamada, Iwate prefecture on March 25.


New Efforts Underway to Cool Fukushima Reactors
video

Japan's Food Fallout
video


Troubles providing for Baby
video


Japan Town Struggle with Leaders Gone
video


Children Swept Away from Japanese School
video



Family members prayed over the coffin of Masami Takahashi at a temporary burial site in Kesennuma, Japan, on Sunday.

Cremation of the dead is traditional in Japanese Buddhist practice, but crematoriums are overwhelmed and fuel for the process is scarce. Local municipalities are burying the tsunami victims in mass graves as a temporary solution.

Evacuees from Fukushima, where the troubled Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant is located, received dinner at an evacuation center in Saitama on Sunday.

A child and his mother rested on the floor of a gymnasium that serves as an evacuation center in Yamagata.

Hiro Ono, 70, collected salvagable items in the tsunami-devastated village of Noda, Iwate Prefecture. Winter weather continued to hamper recovery efforts in the north of Japan.

Yukiko Umehara, center, reacted with delight after finding her cousin's childhood diary in the ruins of her house in Tanohata, Iwate Prefecture.
写真

Kaitani, 38, operated barber shop in Yamadacho. His family and relatives who lived nearby are all safe but stay in separate refuge centers. As they managed to get gasoline, families are able to see the burned home which was swept away by tsunami. Everybody shout for joy when they find the certificate celebrating the 100 years-old birthday for his grandmother who has been waiting in the shelter, adding to the scissors used as tools for business and clothes.  岩手県山田町で理髪店を営んでいた甲斐谷定貴さん(38)(左から2人目)。家族や近くに住む親族は避難して全員無事だったが、ばらばらの避難所生活を送る。ガソリンが手に入るようになって、ようやく家族らと津波で押し流されて焼けた自宅を訪れることが出来た。商売道具のハサミや衣類に加え、避難所で待つ祖母の100歳を祝う表彰状が見つかると、全員から歓声が上がった=26日午前11時44分

写真

Costume for the tiger dance is found among debris. in Rikuzentakada.                    被災後に見つかった虎舞いの装束=岩手県陸前高田市


A store mannequin was perched among the debris in the town of Yamada.

A dairy farmer emptied raw milk onto his pasture in the city of Nihonmatsu, Fukushima Prefecture. Radiation above the legal limit has been detected in raw milk in the area close to the stricken Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant.

Protesters marched in an anti-nuclear rally in Tokyo on Sunday. The sign on the left reads, “Change energy policy.” The sign on the right reads, “Do not sprinkle radioactive material.”


Mass Burials Bring Japan New Heartaches
video



Mourners stood around flimsy wood coffins buried at a hastily prepared cemetery in Keseunnuma.

Local residents scavanged for usable items at a dump under a bridge in Kesennuma, Miyagi Prefecture.

A fishing boat beached along with devastated buildings in Ofunato, Iwate Prefecture.
写真

As the field was engulfed by tsunami, so muds extends to expansive area. The Self Defense forces continue searching the missing. Two weeks have passed since the earthquake hit the northeastern area in Japan, about twenty thousands persons are still missing.津波に襲われ、泥が一面に広がった場所で、自衛隊員が行方不明者の捜索を続けた。東日本大震災の発生から2週間。現在も2万人近い人の安否が分かっていない




写真

The building of Disaster Prevention Department in Minamisanriku is totally burned, only the steel frames left.宮城県南三陸町役場は防災対策庁舎の鉄骨だけ残して消滅した

写真

A fishing boat whose main harbor is Kesennuma returns with aids cargoes. The harbor recovers energetic activities in a long time. 気仙沼港を母港とする漁船が支援物資を積んで帰港し、ひさしぶりに港に活気が戻った=宮城県気仙沼市

写真

People who live in an island gather around the temporary ship, 'Himawari', the only transportation to the island. 島の唯一の交通手段・臨時船「ひまわり」に集まる島民ら=宮城県気仙沼市の大島浦の浜

写真

"Furnace of Life" played a vital role in the disaster after earthquake. It is stilling boiling hot water and effuses hot vapor. 震災直後に大活躍した「命の釜」。いまもお湯が沸かされ、湯気を立てている=岩手県大槌町立安渡小

写真

The city officials faced a barrage of questions at the explanation meeting for the evacuees in Minamisanriku city, Miyagi Prefecture.  宮城県南三陸町の集団避難説明会では、町側への質問が相次いだ


Volunteers, comprising mainly of local residents, helped clean earthquake victims' houses in Higashi-Matsushima, Miyagi Prefecture.

Policemen seen through the window of a destroyed house searched for bodies in Kirikiri.

A resident looked for anything she could salvage next to a destroyed building in Onagawa, Miyagi Prefecture.

A farmer stood in front of a mountain of spinach that was thrown out in Fukushima Prefecture.

Japan Self Defense Forces searched for victims of the earthquake and tsunami in Miyako City.

Evacuees who lost their home visited a makeshift city hall to apply for temporary housing in Rikuzentakata.

A house sits upside-down in an open field near the coast near Yamamoto, Miyagi Prefecture.


Health Risks From Japan Nuclear Crisis
video


Reactor-by-Reactor at the Fukushima Daiichi Plant
video


Kamihachi, Japan -- Meguni Sasaki, right, and her husband Satoru Sasaki, both 36, return to their neighborhood to collect what few possessions they can find after the devastating earthquake and tsunami. One of the items was a couch. "This used to be in our living room," said Meguni Sasaki. "It was so expensive."  Satoru located the second floor of their home about a quarter of a mile away from its original location, where they also found a couch and a few possessions.
Kamihachi, Japan -- Meguni Sasaki, right, and her husband Satoru Sasaki, both 36, return to their neighborhood to collect what few possessions they can find after the devastating earthquake and tsunami. One of the items was a couch. "This used to be in our living room," said Meguni Sasaki. "It was so expensive." Satoru located the second floor of their home about a quarter of a mile away from its original location, where they also found a couch and a few possessions.
Kamihachi, Japan -- Meguni Sasaki reunites with her cousin, Kouno Takayaki, 41, who she hadn't seen since the tsunami hit two weeks ago.
Kamihachi, Japan -- Meguni Sasaki reunites with her cousin, Kouno Takayaki, 41, who she hadn't seen since the tsunami hit two weeks ago.
Kamihachi, Japan -- "There is nothing left," says Meguni Sasaki, as she scans the ground looking for remnants of her home, swept away by the tsunami. Sasaki and her husband Satoru Sasaki were not at home when the tsunami struck; their two daughters escaped with grandparents to a nearby mountain temple. The roof of another temple landed near their property, moved there by the giant wave.
Kamihachi, Japan -- "There is nothing left," says Meguni Sasaki, as she scans the ground looking for remnants of her home, swept away by the tsunami. Sasaki and her husband Satoru Sasaki were not at home when the tsunami struck; their two daughters escaped with grandparents to a nearby mountain temple. The roof of another temple landed near their property, moved there by the giant wave.
KamihachiI, Japan -- A photograph of daughter Yua Sasaki, 9, on a school field trip, and a bowl are some of the few possession Meguni Sasaki and her husband Satoru Sasaki were able to find after the tsunami destroyed their home and neighborhood. Satoru says photographs of his two daughters are all he is hoping to find.
KamihachiI, Japan -- A photograph of daughter Yua Sasaki, 9, on a school field trip, and a bowl are some of the few possession Meguni Sasaki and her husband Satoru Sasaki were able to find after the tsunami destroyed their home and neighborhood. Satoru says photographs of his two daughters are all he is hoping to find.
Japan electricity shortages
Tokyo in energy saving mode


Members of Japan's Self Defense Forces searched for earthquake and tsunami victims in Onagawa,

A vehicle destroyed by the magnitude 9.0 earthquake and tsunami that followed is seen transported into a car dump in Miyako, Iwate Prefecture.
写真

Peoples arrive by a bus in snow from evacuating Minamisoma. 雪が降る中、福島県南相馬市からバスで避難してきた人たち=25日午後6時37分、群馬県草津町

写真

A leaflet is distributed to draw evacuees' attention in the shelter, that says 'lying rumors spread now.' = Okada elementary school in Sendai.「あらぬうわさが飛び交っています」と注意を呼びかけるビラが避難所で配られた=25日午後2時45分、仙台市宮城野区の岡田小学校

写真

A gas tank lies tilted in the water-filled field beside the road after swept away by tsunami about 1 Km. 津波で約1キロ流され道路脇の水田に横たわるガスタンク=宮城県岩沼市

写真

Workers of the propane gas company collect propane gas bombe. プロパンガスのボンベを回収する業者。宮城県名取市閖上(ゆりあげ)地区には各所に火気厳禁の張り紙がある


Residents are looking for missing infants from the boats.                船上から行方不明の乳児を捜索する住民たち

Tsunami victims are taking a meal around a stove.                                   暖炉を囲んで食事する被災者たち

Japanese Self Defense force soldiers are preparing for the hot bath even in the shelter.  避難所でもく浴場の準備をする即応予備自衛官たち(26日午前9時40分、宮城県七ヶ浜町の生涯学習センターで)

Military troops of army, navy and air force from all over the country came to Northeastern region.  全国から東北地方に集結した陸海空の部隊
写真

Rubble washed by the tsunami piled up inside of the city hall building of Rikuzentakada.  陸前高田市役所の庁舎内は、津波で運ばれたがれきで埋め尽くされていた

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