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2011년 3월 14일 월요일

일본 강진, 쭈나미 5일째 - 생존자 구조와 복구 노력: Search for Survivors D+5


일본 후쿠시마(福島) 제1원자력발전소의 원자로 2호기의 연료봉이 14일 약 2시간30분동안 완전히 노출돼 있었다고 관계 기관이 밝혔다.하지만 현재 2호기의 냉각수는 약 2m 정도의 높이로 회복된 것으로 전해졌다.

이에 앞서 후쿠시마 원전 운영사인 도쿄전력은 이날 냉각수 가동중단으로 후쿠시마 제1원전 원자로 2호기에서 연료봉이 완전히 노출됐었다고 밝혔다. 이에 따라 도쿄전력은 폭발가능성이 우려되는 2호기의 과열을 막기 위해 냉각수를 다시 주입하기 시작했었다


"인류 정신의 진화" "동정과 경탄을 함께 보내"


“인류가 더 강해지고 있다는 것을 일본이 보여줬다. 일본의 시민의식은 인류의 정신이 진화한다는 사실을 보여줬다.”
14일 영국 일간 파이낸셜타임스(FT)가 칼럼을 통해 대지진 상황에서 보여준 일본의 철저한 대응과 일본 국민들의 침착성에 대해 격찬하는 등 전 세계 언론이 일본에 경의를 표하고 있다. 

뉴욕타임스(NYT)는 일본 현지 르포 기사 등을 통해 “(대지진 발생 뒤 열차에 타고 있던) 승객들은 조용하고 차분했다” “내가 볼 수 있었던 것은 극단적일 정도로 침착했던 일본인들” 등 일본 국민들의 침착함에 대해 전했다.
전 세계 역사상 4번째, 일본 역사상 최악으로 기록된 이번 ‘동(東)일본 대지진’이 아이러니하게도 일본이란 나라를 새롭게 보는 기회를 만든 것이다. 죽음에 몰릴 정도로 극단적인 상황 속에서도 질서를 지키고 다른 사람을 배려하는 모습에 전 세계는 “감동했다”고 평가하고 있다. 

“일본이란 국가를 좋아하지 않는다. 하지만 이번 지진을 통해 일본인은 믿을 수 있다고 느꼈다. (중략) 도둑질하는 모습은 상상할 수조차 없다. 세계 종말이 온다면 이런 모습으로 다가왔으면 한다.”

미 지질조사국(USGS)의 데이비트 애플게이트는 “이번 지진에서 우리는 지구의 매우 큰 균열을 목도했다”며 “하지만 이런 사태를 극복해낼 수 있는 나라는 일본이 유일할 것”이라고 말했다. 

일본 언론의 보도 태도를 두고도 “배울 점이 있다”는 분석이 쏟아졌다. 쓰나미로 가옥이나 차량이 휩쓸리는 장면은 일본 TV 화면에서 자주 보도됐지만, 휩쓸려 내려가는 사람 등 자극적인 보도는 없었다. 홍콩 봉황TV나 대만 연합보 등 중화권 언론들은 “(일본 언론은) 억지 감동을 쥐어짜지 않았다. 처참한 화면으로 과장하지도 않았다. 정확한 피해상황과 대처법을 보도했다”고 평가했다. 

두차례 퓰리처상을 받았던 뉴욕타임스 칼럼리스트 니콜라스 크리스토프(Nicholas D. Kristof)는 ‘일본에 대한 마음아픔, 그리고 감탄(Sympathy for Japan, and Admiration)’이란 글에서 자신이 뉴욕타임스 일본 지국장으로 거주했을 때의 일을 소개했다. 당시 한신 대지진을 취재했던 크리스토프는 “한신 대지진 당시에도 일본 사람들의 참을성과 질서의식은 정말로 고귀했다”며 “이런 일본인들의 질서의식이 이번에도 보인다”고 소개했다. 그는 “일본에 대해 깊은 동정뿐 아니라 깊은 경탄을 함께 보낸다”고 썼다.

A man walks along a road lined with debris at Onagawa town in Miyagi prefecture, Japan on Monday, March 14, following the tsunami and earthquake of March 11.

A woman calls out the names of her family in the city of Soma in Miyagi prefecture on March 14.

A wrecked sports car sits in flood waters in Soma city, Fukushima prefecture on March 14.


Officers look at a Mitsubishi F-2 fighter aircraft that was swept by the tsunami into a building at Matsushima base in Higashimatsushima, Iwate prefecture on Monday.

A combo of screen grabs taken from news footage by Japanese public broadcaster NHK on March 14, shows the moment of a hydrogen explosion at the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear power station number three reactor. An explosion shook a quake-damaged Japanese nuclear power plant on Monday and plumes of smoke rose from the building, live television showed. Japan's nuclear safety agency said the blast, was believed to be caused by hydrogen.


CNN Breaking News 1
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CNN Breaking News 2
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Explanation on Japan's quake, tsunami and destroyed areas
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Rescue workers search for victims in Tamura village, Iwate Prefecture on March 14

Police officers carry the body of a victim in Rikuzentakata, Iwate Prefecture on March 14.

A Japan Self-Defense Force member reacts after rescuing a four-month-old baby girl in Ishimaki on March 14.

Japan Ground Self-Defense Force soldiers urge an elderly woman to move to higher ground during a new tsunami warning in the harbor of Soma city, Fukushima prefecture on March 14.

A resident wipes tears as she finds no remains of her home in Soma city, Fukushima prefecture on March 14.

A man reacts while looking at a stock price board in Tokyo on March 14 as the Tokyo stock market plunged on its first business day after the earthquake and tsunami.


Ground shifts, Water Seeps during Quake
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Terrifying Science Behind the Quake
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Japanese Tsunami Aftermath
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Japanese Recovery Will Take Years
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A destroyed landscape is pictured in Otsuchi town, Iwate Prefecture in northern Japan, after an earthquake and tsunami struck the area, March 14, 2011. Officials fear more than half of the 19,000 residents of Otsuchi may have perished in the tsunami.

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A Japanese rescue worker walks through a destroyed residential area Otsuchi, March 14, 2011. 
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A destroyed landscape is pictured in Otsuchi village, Iwate Prefecture March 14, 2011. 
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A survivor pushes his bicycle through remains of devastated town of Otsuchi, March 14, 2011

A person walks through a vast area of tsunami-devastated Shizugawa district in Minami Sanriku of Miyagi prefecture, on Monday, March 14.
 
A joint team from the U.S. Air Force and the Marines conduct a search and rescue flight over Sendai airport on March 13 in this photo released on Monday. The team is part of the American disaster relief force in Japan.

Debris covers part of a fishing port on Izushima Island in Onagawacho, northern Japan on Monday

Local residents gather at a shelter in a Rikuzentakada city school, Iwate prefecture, Monday.

Relatives react as they reunite at each other at a shelter in Kesennuma, Miyagi Prefecture, Monday.

A man checks a list of survivor names in an evacuation center near Rikuzentakata, Monday.
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Japanese rescue workers carry the body of a tsunami victim in Otsuchi, March 14, 2011.
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Japanese rescue workers search through rubble in a residential area of  Otsuchi, March 14, 2011.
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Japanese rescue workers clear the rubble among destroyed homes in Otsuchi, March 14, 2011. 
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A Japanese man covers his face as he walks through a destroyed area of  Otsuchi, March 14, 2011. 
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Japanese rescue workers search through rubble in front of a Shinto shrine in residential area of tsunami hit Otsuchi, March 14, 2011.

Japan's Nuke Emergency worsen
8.9 Earthquake Slams Japan
A Japanese rescue team member walks through the completely leveled village of Saito in northeastern Japan, March 14, 2011. Rescue workers used chain saws and hand picks to dig out bodies in Japan's devastated coastal towns, as Asia's richest nation faced a mounting humanitarian, nuclear and economic crisis in the aftermath of a massive earthquake and tsunami that likely killed thousands.

Image: A man comforts a woman as she cries in front of her damaged home in the town of Watari in Miyagi prefecture.A man comforts a woman as she cries in front of her damaged home in the town of Watari in Miyagi prefecture, March 14, 2011 
8.9 Earthquake Slams Japan
Local residents look at a tsumami-hit area covered with mud and debris in Sendai, Miyagi Prefecture, March 14, 2011 following the tsunami. A new explosion at a nuclear plant in nearby Fukushima prefecture hit punch-drunk Japan March 14 as it raced to avert a reactor meltdown after a quake-tsunami disaster that is feared to have killed more than 10,000 people. 
8.9 Earthquake Slams Japan
An elderly man checks a list of names of survivors who are in shelters at the Natori City Hall in Natori, Miyagi Prefecture, March 14, 2011
8.9 Earthquake Slams Japan
Survivors of last weeks's earthquake and tsunami spend time at an evacuation center in Rikuzentakata in Iwate Prefecture, northeastern Japan, March 14, 2011.


Death Toll Rises amid Japanese Disaster
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Narrow Escape in Japan
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Victims of Quake head to Shelter
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8.9 Earthquake Slams Japan
People use temporary phones set up for residents at the Natori City Hall in Natori, Miyagi Prefecture March 14, 2011 three days after an 8.9 magnitude earthquake and resulting tsunami hit the region. Economists say it is still too early to assess the cost of the destruction from the record 8.9-magnitude quake and the 10-meter wall of water that laid waste to swathes of the northeastern coast and triggered an atomic emergency.
8.9 Earthquake Slams Japan
A Japanese couple stop to rest along a highway as they carry their belongings away from their destroyed village of Saito in northeastern Japan, March 14, 2011. 
8.9 Earthquake Slams Japan
Local people search their destroyed houses in Rikuzentakata, Iwate Prefecture, March 14, 2011
8.9 Earthquake Slams Japan
Local residents walk on roads covered with mud and debris in Sendai, Miyagi Prefecture, March 14, 2011
Image: The Shizugawa district in Minami Sanriku of Miyagi prefecture.
The Shizugawa district in Minamisanriku of Miyagi Prefecture
8.9 Earthquake Slams Japan
A Japanese earthquake and tsunami survivor walks alone on a road past the destroyed village of Saito, in northeastern Japan, March 14, 2011
8.9 Earthquake Slams Japan
Japanese military check for victims across flooded areas in Natori in Miyagi prefecture on March 13, 2011.
8.9 Earthquake Slams Japan
Mayumi Yagoshi, right, and an unidentified man walk together on a riverbank after inspecting burning oil refinery in Tagajo, near Sendai, northern Japan, Sunday, March 13, 2011.
8.9 Earthquake Slams Japan
A dead woman lies under a blanket near the stairs of her destroyed home in Sendai, Miyagi Prefecture, northeastern Japan, on Sunday, March 13, 2011
8.9 Earthquake Slams Japan
People evacuate from their houses in Tagajo near Sendai, northern Japan Sunday, March 13, 2011
8.9 Earthquake Slams Japan
A road is jammed with evacuating vehicles following an order to evacuate the area covering a radius of 12 miles around the Fukushima Dai-ichi power plant, in Tamura, Fukushima, Sunday, March 13, 2011.
Image: Search and rescue workers look for survivors in Natori, Miyagi prefecture.
search and rescue workers look for survivors in Natori, Miyagi Prefecture
Image: Japanese medical personnel check a mother and son for radiation exposure in Kawamata village, Fukushima prefecture.
Japanese medical personnel check a mother and son for radiation exposure in Kawameta village, Fukushima Prefecture 
Image: People walk a road between the rubble of destroyed buildings in Minamisanriku, Japan
People walk a road between the rubbles of destroyed buildings in MinamiSanriku, Japan.
Image: Survivors sit on the roof of the destroyed home in Kesennuma, Japan.
Survivors sit on the roof of the destroyed house in Kesennuma.
Image: Oil leaks from boats swept by a tsunami in Fudai, Japan
Oil leaks from boats swept by the tsunami in Fudai
 
City lights and billboards are turned off at Tokyo's Shibuya fashion district on Monday. The shutdown of several nuclear reactors has led to a shortfall in electricity supply and has made power outages necessary.

Soldiers of Japan Self-Defense Force and firefighters search for the victims in the rubble on Monday, in Matsushima, Miyagi prefecture.

The rubble caused by an earthquake and tsunami fill the landscape in Yamada, Iwate prefecture, on Monday.
Devastation in Japan
A woman pushes a bicycle on a street following a massive tsunami that's triggered by a catastrophic earthquake in Tagajo near Sendai
Devastation in Japan
A damaged gas station shows the destruction after an 8.9 magnitude strong earthquake struck on March 11 off the coast of north-eastern Japan, on March 13, 2011 in Sendai, Japan
Devastation in Japan
A residential area damaged by the tsunami is seen after an 8.9 magnitude strong earthquake struck on March 11 off the coast of north-eastern Japan, on March 13, 2011 in Sendai
Devastation in Japan
People stand on the roof of an elementary school in Sendai, northern Japan as they take shelter Saturday, March 12, 2011 

A woman helps her mother get a few belongings as the search and rescue teams continue to look for bodies in the rubble.

A technician in protective gear looks out of an automatic door with a sign reading "No entry except for those with permission" at a makeshift facility to screen, cleanse and isolate people with high radiation levels in Nihonmatsu. 

Because the roads are cut off or buried, the evacuees are traveling on foot. These peoples walk on a track of Japan Railway's Ofutano Line.

Tsunami survivors leave a devastating area after checking their homes.

A resident walks through the destroyed town of Kamaishi

Rescue workers search for victims in Tanohata.

A man anxiously waits for the Natori firefighters to pry open his car in a search for the man's missing family members. The firefighters found no one inside.
 
A 63-years-old woman brushes debris off the portrait of her father that was found in the ruins of her home.

Japanese rescue team members transport a body in the town of Watari.

A woman use a stick to sweep the front walk of her home along the Natori River.

A couple walk down the muddy roads with belongings scavenged from what was left of their Natori home.

An emergency worker throws disinfectant powder in an area affected by earthquake and tsunami in Miyaco.

A policeman searches for victims in Rikuzentanaka. Tens of thousand people were feared dead after last week's quake and tsunami. Prime Minister Naoto Kan said 15000 people had been rescued so far. 

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