우주에 대한 인간의 호기심은 유사 이래 계속적으로 관찰과 연구를 통하여 그 신비한 사실을 하나씩 알게 되었다. 이제는 과학의 발달로 광대한 우주에 대한 정보가 끊임없이 발표되고 있다. 미국의 Atlantis 우주선의 마지막 발사에 관한 것과 최근에 알려진 우주의 모습과 관련된 기사를 정리하였다.
Rabbi Zvi Konikov of Satellite Beach Chabad in Brevard, Fla., prays at the press site at Kennedy Space Center before Atlantis' launch on July 8. A million people are thought to have witnessed the launch from the space center and its surroundings.
Shuttle Atlantis last trek to liftoff
NASA managers watch from Firing Room Four of the Launch Control Center at Kennedy Space Center as the space shuttle Atlantis lifts off from Launch Pad 39A on July 8.
In this photo provided by NASA, space shuttle Atlantis is seen through the window of a Shuttle Training Aircraft as it lifts off from the Kennedy Space Center Friday, July 8, in Cape Canaveral, Fla. Atlantis is the 135th and final space shuttle launch for NASA.
Time-lapse Video of Space Shuttle Atlantis Being Mated Atop a NASA 747 SCA
Nasa shuttle launch Atlantis high definition
Spectators watch the shuttle Atlantis ascend for the last time from NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida on July 8.
Discovery's main engines are mated to the Orbiter prior to launch
A remote camera attached near the nose of shuttle Atlantis captures an image as part of a time-lapse video ahead of its final launch.
Sparklers flare around the shuttle's solid rocket boosters and main engines as 300,000 gallons of water release just prior to liftoff. The deluge of water provides sound buffering protection for the launching spacecraft. As a part of the sound suppression water system, the deluge is released just before engine ignition to muffle the intense sound waves produced by the shuttle engines. Without water, the vibration from the force of the main engines and solid rocket boosters would shake the launch pad to pieces.
Space shuttle Atlantis approaches the International Space Station for docking on July 10. Part of a Russian Progress spacecraft, also docked to the station, pokes into the upper foreground. The teal-colored shallows around the Bahamas can be seen in the background, about 250 miles below.
Spacewalker Ron Garan rides on the International Space Station's robotic arm as he transfers a failed pump module to the cargo bay of the space shuttle Atlantis on July 12, during the final spacewalk during a shuttle mission.
The greenish glow of an auroral display sweeps around Earth's south polar region in this photo, captured from a vantage point on the International Space Station. The shuttle Atlantis and its robotic arm, as well as one of the station's solar arrays, loom up in the foreground.
Thursday night's southern lights shimmer in a picture taken from the International Space Station, with Atlantis' inspection boom angling through the picture.
The space shuttle Atlantis blazes a trail back home through the atmosphere in this photograph, captured by the crew aboard the International Space Station on July 21. Airglow over Earth can be seen on the horizon.
The space shuttle Atlantis glides down from a moonlit sky to the runway at Kennedy Space Center in Florida on July 21. Atlantis' touchdown marked the end of a 30-year odyssey for NASA's shuttle fleet.
The space shuttle Atlantis makes its maiden voyage on Oct. 3, 1985, for the Defense Department's STS-51-J mission. At 176,413 pounds, Atlantis is nearly 3.5 tons lighter than Columbia, which was the heaviest shuttle. Atlantis is the lightest shuttle of the remaining fleet, weighing 3 pounds less than the shuttle Endeavour (with the three main engines). Atlantis is also the last space shuttle to be retired.
Length: 122.17 feet
Height: 56.58 feet
Wingspan: 78.06 feet
NASA's Magellan spacecraft is deployed from Atlantis' cargo bay in 1989 during the STS-30 mission. The Venus orbiter was the first interplanetary probe launched from a space shuttle. Later that year, Atlantis launched the Galileo probe to Jupiter.
NASA and the Russian space agency kicked off a new era in international space cooperation during the STS-71 mission in June 1995, when Atlantis docked with Russia's Mir space station for the first time. This historic photo of the linked spacecraft was taken from a Russian Soyuz capsule during a fly-around.
Nearly an hour after launch, contrails from the shuttle Atlantis' liftoff float above the Vehicle Assembly Building at Kennedy Space Center in Florida on June 8, 2007.
Spacewalkers Andrew Feustel and John Grunsfeld work on the Hubble Space Telescope on May 16, 2009, during Atlantis' STS-125 mission. This marked the final Hubble servicing mission.
Space shuttle Atlantis lifts off from Launch Pad 39A at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida on July 8, 2011. The shuttle fleet's 135th and final mission, known as STS-135, brought supplies to the international space station.
The space shuttle Atlantis docks with the International Space Station for the last time on July 10, 2011. The shuttle delivered more than four tons of food, clothes and other supplies to keep the space station going in the post-shuttle era. NASA figures that this shipment will help keep the space station provisioned at least through the end of 2012.
Commander Chris Ferguson, right, shakes hands with pilot Doug Hurley after landing the space shuttle Atlantis at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida on July 21. Atlantis' other crew members, Rex Walheim and Sandy Magnus, also face the cameras.
This poster pays tribute to the shuttle Atlantis' quarter-century of spaceflight: Graphic elements include the International Space Station and Russia's Mir space station, the Hubble Space Telescope (which Atlantis visited during the last servicing mission) and Venus and Jupiter (which were the destinations for probes launched from Atlantis). Threaded through the design are the mission patches for each of Atlantis' flights. A copy of this tribute poster hangs in Firing Room 4 of the Launch Control Center at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida.
Space shuttle Discovery Highlight
The space shuttle Discovery lifts off from the Kennedy Space Center on its maiden trip into space, Aug. 30, 1984.
Discovery climbs into orbit after launch on July 26, 2005, at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. The seven-person international crew departed for a 12-day mission to the International Space Station.
NASA Administrator Michael Griffin, right, and Deputy Associate Administrator Michael Kostelnik, left, watch the Discovery launch from the Launch Control Center at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida on July 26, 2005.
Tourists cheer at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex at the sight of the space shuttle Discovery lifting off on Tuesday, July 26, 2005.
Astronaut Stephen Robinson, anchored to a foot restraint on the International Space Station's Canadarm2, participates in the mission's third spacewalk on Aug. 3, 2005.
The crew of mission STS-114 -- mission specialist Stephen Robinson, commander Eileen Collins, mission specialists Andrew Thomas, Wendy Lawrence, Soichi Noguchi and Charles Camarda, and pilot James Kelly -- gather in front of Discovery after their landing on Aug. 9, 2005, at Edwards Air Force Base in California.
Discovery's nose landing gear was photographed by the crew on the International Space Station on July 28, 2005, as it did a pitch maneuver for tile inspection before docking. The crew of Discovery moved onboard the space station after carrying out new shuttle damage checks as ordered by NASA after a suspension of flights over safety concerns. NASA halted the program again after Discovery's return because of debris that fell off during its launch.
The Discovery hitches a ride from California to the Kennedy Space Center in Florida on a special 747 carrier aircraft on Aug. 19, 2005. The shuttle landed in California on Aug. 9 as weather conditions prevented it from landing at Cape Canaveral, Fla., as originally planned. Discovery's mission was the first flight for the shuttle since Columbia broke upon re-entry in February 2003.
Astronaut Piers J. Sellers, STS-121 mission specialist, wears a training version of the Extravehicular Mobility Unit spacesuit while participating in a simulation at Johnson Space Center. The RMS has a 50-foot boom extension, called the Orbiter Boom Sensor System, attached. It would be used to reach beneath the orbiter to access tiles. Lora Bailey, right, manager of JSC Engineering Tile Repair, assisted Sellers.
Mission specialists Michael Fossum and Thomas Reiter; pilot Mark Kelly' commander Steven Lindsey; and mission specialists Lisa Nowak, Stephanie Wilson and Piers Sellers conclude emergency egress practice on June 15, 2006. This was during Terminal Countdown Demonstration Tests, a launch dress rehearsal that occurs before each shuttle mission.
Astronauts Thomas Reiter of Germany and Piers J. Sellers and Stephanie D. Wison of the U.S., all STS-121 mission specialists, train in advance of their launch on July 1, 2006.
The Discovery lifts off on another mission from the Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Fla., on July 4, 2006.
Self-portrait, taken by astronaut Michael Fossum on July 8, 2006, during a spacewalk while the Discovery orbiter was docked with the International Space Station. Turning his camera to snap a picture of his own helmet visor, he also recorded the reflection of his fellow mission specialist, Piers J. Sellers, near center of picture, and one of the space station's gold-tinted solar power arrays arcing across the top. The horizon of Earth is in background.
The nose of Discovery and part of the underside is seen over Earth on July 6, 2006. NASA engineers examined detailed pictures of the space shuttle's heat shield a day before two astronauts were to embark on the most disorienting task of their 13-day mission: a wobbly spacewalk.
The sun illuminates the Earth's atmosphere during a sunrise, seen from the Discovery after departure from the International Space Station on Aug. 6, 2005. A portion of the shuttle's aft cargo bay, its vertical stabilizer and orbital maneuvering system pods are seen in the foreground.
A lightning bolt crackles down in the distance on Aug. 14, 2006, during preparations at Edwards Air Force Base in California to return the shuttle Discovery to its Florida home base. The gantry-style structure surrounding Discovery is used to mount the shuttle atop a modified Boeing 747 jet for a cross-country piggyback flight.
Discovery lands at the Kennedy Space Center's Shuttle Landing Facility in Cape Canaveral, Fla., on June 14, 2008. The shuttle completed a 14-day mission to the International Space Station, where it delivered the Japanese Kibo module. The STS-124 mission also included three spacewalks.
Discovery approaches the International Space Station during rendezvous and docking operations on June 2, 2008. The second component of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency's Kibo laboratory, the Japanese Pressurized Module, is visible in Discovery's cargo bay.
A woman kicks back as she watches from Titusville, Fla., as the space shuttle Discovery launches from Pad 39A at the Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral on May 31, 2008.
With Earth as a backdrop, Discovery approaches the International Space Station during STS-133 rendezvous and docking operations on Feb. 26, 2011. Discovery, on its 39th and final flight, carried up the Italian-built Permanent Multipurpose Module, Express Logistics Carrier 4 and Robonaut 2, the first humanoid robot in space.
Amazing show in the Universe
The European Space Agency's Herschel Space Telescope provides an infrared view of a twisted ring of gas and dust at the center of our Milky Way galaxy The image, released July 19, poses a mystery for astronomers: Exactly what caused the bright ring to warp?
NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter pointed its camera to capture a dramatic sunrise view of the moon's Tycho Crater on June 10. The resulting image, released June 30, highights Tycho's 9.3-mile-wide (15-kilometer-wide) central peak complex and its long, looming shadow. The summit is elevated 1.2 miles (2 kilometers) from the crater floor.
Looking like a spider's web swirled into a spiral, the galaxy IC 342 presents its delicate pattern of dust in this image from NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope, released July 20. Seen in infrared light, the faint starlight gives way to the glowing bright patterns of dust found throughout the galaxy's disk.
Spiral galaxy glows like a cosmic spider web
A spiral galaxy's starlight and delicate pattern of dust evoke a bright, swirling spider web in space in a newly released image from NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope.
Two galaxies, about 50 million light-years away, are locked in a galactic embrace — literally. The Seyfert galaxy NGC 1097, in the constellation of Fornax (The Furnace), is seen in this image taken by the European Southern Observatory's Very Large Telescope in Chile. A smaller elliptical companion galaxy, NGC 1097A, cam be seen at top left. There is evidence that NGC 1097 and NGC 1097A have been interacting gravitationally in the recent past. The image was released on July 11 as ESO's "Picture of the Week."
Take a look! Storm as wide as Earth rages on Saturn
'Soccer Ball' Nebula May Help
Italian astronaut Paolo Nespoli took this unprecedented picture of the space shuttle Endeavour docked to the International Space Station on May 23 as he was leaving the station in a Russian Soyuz spacecraft. The picture, along with others that were taken during the unique opportunity, was released June 7.
The International Space Station and the docked space shuttle Endeavour are seen at an angle in this picture, captured May 23. Endeavour is visible at the top of the station's central stack, with the shuttle's robotic arm snaking around it.
The space shuttle Endeavour is visible at the top of the International Space Station's line of modules, with its robotic arm extended and kinked. Endeavour is connected to the Harmony node, with Japan's Kibo lab extending to the right and Europe's Columbus lab at left. Below Harmony is the U.S. Destiny lab, the Unity node, the Leonardo storage module and the Tranquility module, with its Cupola observation deck visible toward the lower right corner of the images.
Martian sand piles up in weird crescent-shaped dunes in the Nili Patera region of the Red Planet. These orbital pictures were captured by the high-resolution camera on NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter and released on June 8.
The moon looms in partial eclipse, framed by an arch at Rome's ancient Colosseum on June 16, Wednesday.
A partially eclipsed moon rises into the skies over Belgrade, Serbia, on Wednesday.
A partial lunar eclipse is seen over the village of Zejtun, lit up for its parish church feast of Saint Catherine, in the south of Malta on Wednesday.
This sequence of images shows the progress of the lunar eclipse as seen from Tel Aviv
A lunar eclipse is seen through the Atomium monument in Brussels, which was built for a world's fair in 1958.
The lunar eclipse looms over the Castel dell Ovo (Egg Castle) in Naples, Italy.
This composite image, released June 22, features one of the most complicated and dramatic collisions between galaxy clusters ever seen. Known officially as Abell 2744, this system has been dubbed Pandora's Cluster because of the wide variety of different structures found. Data from the Chandra X-Ray Observatory (depicted in red) show gas with temperatures of millions of degrees. In blue is a map showing the total mass concentration (mostly dark matter) based on data from the Hubble Space Telescope, the Very Large Telescope and the Subaru telescope.
This emerald nebula, seen in a June 20 infrared image from NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope, is reminiscent of the glowing ring wielded by the superhero Green Lantern. In the comic books, the Guardians of the Planet "Oa" forged the Green Lantern's power ring, but astronomers believe rings like this are actually sculpted by the powerful light of giant "O" stars, the most massive type of star known to exist. Named RCW 120, this region of hot gas and glowing dust can be found in the murky clouds encircled by the tail of the constellation Scorpius.
A Russian Soyuz-FG rocket booster blazes through the skies over the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan on June 8, sending a three-person crew to the International Space Station. Circular star tracks around the Pole Star and the track of the rocket are the result of a two-hour time exposure.
Amazing Universe Thru HST's Eye P2
Hubble Space Telescope Images 2011 NASA
A Russian Soyuz TMA-02M spacecraft is rolled out by train to its launch pad at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan on June 5. The Soyuz lifted off three days later, carrying a three-man crew to the International Space Station.
A crew member aboard the International Space Station, flying at an altitude of approximately 235 miles on June 27, snapped this picture of a wildfire in the Jemez Mountains of the Santa Fe National Forest in north-central New Mexico. The fire is just southwest of Los Alamos National Laboratories.
This composite view from the European Southern Observatory's MPG/ESO telescope and the infrared VISTA telescope shows part of the very active star-forming region around the Tarantula Nebula in the Large Magellanic Cloud, a small neighbor of the Milky Way. At the exact center lies the brilliant but isolated star VFTS 682, and to its lower right the very rich star cluster R 136. The origins of VFTS are unclear — was it ejected from R 136, or did it form on its own?
Backdropped by Earth's horizon and the blackness of space, the European Space Agency's Johannes Kepler cargo vehicle is seen departing the International Space Station on June 20. The unmanned vehicle burned up during atmospheric re-entry.
NASA astronaut Greg Chamitoff holds a handrail during the fourth spacewalk conducted by the shuttle Endeavour's crew at the International Space Station. During the seven-hour, 24-minute spacewalk on May 27, Chamitoff and astronaut Michael Fincke (visible in the reflections of Chamitoff's helmet visor) moved a 50-foot-long inspection boom to the station, officially completing U.S. station assembly.
Backdropped by a nighttime view of Earth and the starry sky, the space shuttle Endeavour is seen docked to the International Space Station on May 28.
This image from NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory, released May 24, shows the Carina Nebula, a star-forming region 7,500 light-years away in the Sagittarius-Carina arm of the Milky Way. Chandra has detected more than 14,000 stars in this region, shrouded in a diffuse X-ray glow. The observations provide strong evidence that massive stars have already self-destructed in this nearby supernova factory.
This picture from the European Space Agency's Mars Express orbiter shows Nili Fossae, a system of deep fractures around the Red Planet's giant Isidis impact basin. Some of these incisions in the Martian crust are more than a quarter-mile (500 meters) deep. The readings for the picture were acquired in February 2008, and the resulting photo was released on May 6. Scientists have detected heightened concentrations of methane at Nili Fossae and suspect there may be geological or even biological activity at work.
The same floods that prompted authorities to breach a levee near Cairo, Illinois, forced residents to leave their homes farther south along the Mississippi River. These images from NASA's Aqua satellite show how the floods changed the character of the river between Cairo and Memphis, Tenn. The upper frame shows the view on May 5, 2010, and the lower frame shows the same area one year later.
An ash plume rises from the erupting Grimsvotn volcano in Iceland, as seen in this May 22 image from NASA's Aqua satellite.
Yves "Jetman" Rossy flies over the Grand Canyon West in Arizona on May 7. Rossy rocketed across a portion of the western end of the canyon owned by the Hualapai Indian Reservation. Rossy's backers at Breitling, a Swiss watch manufacturer, waited three days to announce that he had successfully performed the jet-powered feat.
Astrophotographer Nick Risinger stitched 37,440 night-sky exposures together into this spectacular, panoramic view of the Milky Way and the universe beyond.
The Hubble Space Telescope is renowned for its breathtaking images, and this snapshot of the galaxy NGC 634 is definitely that. The galaxy's fine detail and perfect spiral structure make it hard to believe that this picture, released May 30, is a real observation and not an artist's impression.
This portion of the Lagoon Nebula was imaged in three filters sensitive to optical and far-infrared light by Argentinean astronomers Julia Arias and Rodolfo Barba, using the Gemini South telescope in Chile with the Gemini Multi-Object Spectrograph. The picture was released May 2.
Atlantis crew members Rex Walheim, Chris Ferguson, Doug Hurley and Sandy Magnus pose for photographs during the shuttle's rollover from the Orbiter Processing Facility to the Vehicle Assembly Building at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida on May 17. Atlantis is scheduled to lift off in July on the final space shuttle mission.