북미대륙의 남쪽에 위치한 거대한 대륙에 많은 나라가 있고 아름다운 자연환경이 많다. 여러나라의 풍광을 알아 보고자 한다.
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Pure magic as seen from Pão de Açúcar (Sugarloaf): Water, sky, landscape, and lights conspire to take your breath away as day becomes night.
“Marvelous city, full of a thousand charms,” sang Aurora Miranda, in a 1934 Carnival hit that’s now Rio de Janeiro’s anthem. To put this song to the test, each year as many people visit Rio as live there—riding cable cars up to Pão de Açúcar, and trams through Santa Teresa; going inside belle epoque palaces at Cinelândia, and pleasure palaces at Copacabana; climbing to the Rocinha favela (shanty town) by minivan, and to “Christ the Redeemer” by train; shouting samba lyrics at the Sambódromo parade grounds, and “gol!” at Maracanã soccer stadium. In any other city, this would be exceptional. In Rio, you still have 992 delights to go.
Kids at a soccer school
Afro Brazilian woman leaves offerings as part of a New Year's celebration
Soccer captivates Brazilian
Fishermen in Niteroi
View of the Rio de Janeiro hills from Niterói, Brazil
In Paraná state in southern Brazil, the main entertainment after a hard day fishing is the music and dance called fandango, played with handmade instruments.
Curitiba is recognized for having the best urban transportation system in Brazil. This photo was taken inside one of the interconnected terminals that are spread throughout the city.
Pipa Beach, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil.
Panoramic view of Rio de Janeiro from Pão de Açúcar (Sugar Loaf mountain) at dusk.
A man walks along Copacabana Beach in Rio de Janeiro trying to sell footballs and balloons during the 2010 World Cup.
Rocinha, Rio's largest favela, is plagued with many social problems, such as violence, corruption, and drug trafficking.
Our Lady of Nazareth church (1630), Saquarema, Rio de Janeiro
National park of Jericoacoara, Ceara, Brazil
An amateur rodeo in the mountains of Urubici, Santa Catarina, Brazil
A late afternoon view of Salvador, Brazil, from an old colonial balcony in the Pelourinho
Festa Junina in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil, takes place in June of the Brazilian winter to give thanks to Saint John for the rain. These celebrations focus on rural life and have been commemorated since the colonial era.
Little girls dressed in traditional Baianas style at the Our Lady of Good Death Festival, which takes place every August in Cachoeira city, inlands of Bahia, Brazil
As part of an urban planning course, our class took a tour of one of the best planned cities in the world, Curitiba, Brazil. This is of Jardim Botânico de Curitiba.
Black Gold City, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Young lady on a bike on the road from Natal to Pipa Beach, north shore of Rio Grande do Norte,
Sunset in Lençóis Maranhenses National Park. This park is located in Maranhão state in northeastern Brazil.
2.칠레 : Chile
The adobe, colonial-era Church of San Pedro dates to the early days of Catholicism in San Pedro de Atacama, but the village’s history stretches back much further. Thousands of years ago it was an oasis town in northern Chile’s dry highlands—and home to the Atacama culture, which flourished there. Today, the village hosts archaeologists and tourists seeking “otherworldly” local scenery such as salt flats, geysers, rock formations, and dark skies for stargazing.
Torres del Paine Chile "was invented by a poet," according to Pablo Neruda, who might have had in mind the inspiring mountain vistas of Torres del Paine. The national park's jaw-dropping scenery includes not just glaciers and granite peaks but also lakes, forests, and open steppes. Outdoor enthusiasts worldwide dream of making a Patagonian pilgrimage and tackling the weeklong Paine Circuit, a trek around the massif.
Vineyard :Gathering grapes, such as this chardonnay variety, is a long-standing tradition at Cousiño Macul. The Chilean vineyard has been in the hands of its founding family since 1856, but winemaking in the area began centuries earlier. The Spanish crown granted conquistador Juan Jufré the Hacienda Macul in 1564, when he began to grow grapes in the ideal clime.
Easter Island : Countless tourists have traveled to Easter Island—one of Earth’s most remote inhabited places, some 2,300 miles (3,700 kilometers) from the mainland—to see its mysterious moai and ask, why? So far, the nearly 900 stone faces haven’t answered, and scientists have been stumped. Experts think that Polynesian settlers arrived on the island around A.D. 1200 and began creating the moai soon afterward. They also began cutting down the island’s trees and shrubs, potentially unleashing an environmental disaster that eventually left the island hauntingly empty.
Santiago: Santiago is the cosmopolitan capital of Chile, a nation in which nearly nine out of ten people live in urban areas. Four out of ten call Santiago home. The city boasts an enviable array of restaurants, museums, and cafés in which to while away the day. But wilderness isn’t far: Santiago is ringed by towering mountains that provide visitors and locals alike an easy escape.
Andean Glacier: A massive Andean glacier, part of the Southern Patagonian ice field, comes to a spectacular terminus in the waters of a Torres del Paine lake. Scientists say that nearly nine out of ten of the park’s glaciers are thinning or retreating. But other parts of Torres del Paine are doing better: Vegetation on once overgrazed lands has bounced back, as have the llama-like guanacos, which were near extinction.
San Antonio: Small boats lie at anchor in San Antonio, evoking a traditional fishing community. But much larger ships also dock here. This city has become Chile’s primary big-ship cargo port, moving an average of some 12 million tons of goods each year.
Presidential Palace, San Tiago: Guards stand watch outside La Moneda, the presidential palace in Santiago. Chile returned to democracy nearly two decades ago, but it continues to struggle with a painful past—thousands were arrested, tortured, or killed during the reign of Gen. Augusto Pinochet.
Cowboy: With practiced skill and natural flair a Chilean cowboy, or huaso, lassoes a steer without losing his traditional straw hat, known as a chupalla. Huasos occupy a beloved place in Chile’s culture, just as cowboys do in the U.S. Decked out in the traditional colorful ponchos called chamantos, they’re often seen in parades, rodeos, and other celebrations.
Atacama desert: Sandwiched between the Andes and the ocean, the Atacama Desert is one of the world’s most arid ecosystems, home to many specially adapted animals found nowhere else. Some parts of the region may not get a drop of rain for years at a time.
Fruit Cargo, San Tiago: Fresh fruits temp pedestrians on Alameda Bernardo O’Higgins, Santiago’s main thoroughfare, which was first laid out in 1541. The fruit is just one of the reasons that Santiago’s five million inhabitants often call the road Alameda de Delicias—“boulevard of delights.”
Iglesia del Sagrado Corazon, Puerto Varas: The Iglesia del Sagrado Corazón overlooks the city of Puerto Varas, pristine Lake Llanquihue, and one of the Lake District’s stunning snowcapped volcanoes. The church, constructed during World War I, is modeled on the Marienkirche of Germany’s Black Forest and reveals Chile’s strong European roots. Most Chileans trace at least some of their ancestors back to Europe; only around 5 percent are indigenous peoples.
Torres del Paine: Sunset casts a rosy glow over granite peaks encircling a glacial lake in Torres del Paine National Park, Chile. Chile's prized jewel, the 598,000-acre (242,000-hectare) national park is a mosaic of landforms including soaring mountains, golden pampas, and grinding ice fields.At the southern tip of South America, the region of Patagonia includes parts of Argentina and Chile.
Moreno Glacier: Moreno Glacier rises above Lake Argentino as a rugged wall three miles (4.8 kilometers) wide and almost 200 feet (60 meters) tall. One of 47 massive ice fields in Argentine Patagonia's Glaciers National Park, this grinding, groaning force of nature covers a hundred square miles (260 square kilometers).Copahue Provincial Park: Hundred-foot-tall (30-meter-tall) araucaria trees surrounding a waterfall reach for the stars in Argentina's Copahue Provincial Park. Living relics of the Jurassic period, these thousand-year-old giants stand as symbols of Patagonian tenacity in a landscape both severe and sublime.Settlements, like this twinkling village built between the mountains and the sea, are few and far between in Patagonia. The 260,000-square-mile (673,000-square-kilometer) region is so sparsely settled that population density is as low as one person per square mile in some areas.Lighthouse on Patagonia Coast: A lone lighthouse stands guard on the Patagonia coast. Cold waters rushing in from Antarctica support a wide variety of life along Patagonia's southern coast, including sea lions, cormorants, and albatrosses.Copahue Rock Monument: The 69,930-acre (28,300-hectare) Copahue Provincial Park, on the eastern border of Chile, is home to prehistoric araucaria forests, vast prairies, snowy Andean peaks, picturesque lakes, and lunar-like landscapes of rock formations, shown here. The park sits in the massive collapsed caldera of Copahue Volcano.
Andes Mountain Waterfall: The snowy peaks of the Andes spawn thousands of gushing streams and waterfalls in Patagonia. From majestic mountains to trembling volcanoes, Patagonia remains the unspoiled frontier of South America.
Canaima National Park: A land of great contrasts, Venezuela boasts wide beaches and sharp mountains; a booming oil industry and a struggling working class; ages-old cultures and a yearning for modernization. In the balance hangs a nation bursting with potential and endless opportunities to explore.Andes Rainbow: A secluded home enjoys a crystalline view of a rainbow in the midst of low-hanging clouds. The rocky peaks of the Andes, the world’s longest exposed mountain range, cut through the western edge of Venezuela as they carve out a trail along the coast of South America.Tumeremo Storefront: While storefronts in Venezuela offer goods from jewelry to hats to meat, the real backbone of the economy lies in the 2.6 million barrels of oil produced each day in the country, most of which is exported abroad.Frailejon Plants: Lonely outposts of life, 9,094-foot-high (2,772-meter-high) Mount Roraima and related sandstone tepuis lift harshly beautiful worlds into the sky.Los Nevados Church: A bell tower dating to the early 1900s greets visitors to the remote mountain village of Los Nevados. Accessible primarily by foot or cable car, the town of isolated farmers sits on a steep mountainside and is one of the highest settlements in the country.Caracas: Venezuela’s largest metropolis as well as its capital city, Caracas appeals to visitors with its balance of contemporary attractions and historical gems. The Iglesia de San Francisco, Plaza de los Museos, and Museo Bolívar—birthplace of “The Liberator,” Simón Bolívar—allow visitors to be immersed in local culture
Kako Paru Waterfalls: Inflamed by the presence of jasper, tumbling cascades 30 miles (48 kilometers) southwest of Roraima expose rock sandwiched within the sandstone from which the tepuis are formed. Some of the world’s oldest sandstone, these deposits were laid down at least 1.8 billion years ago atop the Guayana shield, the oldest rock in South America.
Maipures rapids, Orinoco river, Amazonas State, Venezuela
East of Caracas from Bello Monte. Venezuela.
German town of Tovar, Aragua State, Venezuela.
The Stone Chapel, built by Juan Felix Sanchez, San Rafael de Mucuchies, Merida State, Venezuela
Andean landscape. Near La Venta, Mérida State, Venezuela
The Blue Trout Hotel & Resort, Santo Domingo, Merida State, venezuela.
Fista del la Zaragosa, Senare, Edo. Lara Venezuela
De la serie Casas Muertas, Iglesia de Catuaro
Lavalle Street, Buenos Aires: On Calle Lavalle in Buenos Aires’s cinema district, crowds throng shops, theaters, restaurants. The largest city in Argentina, the capital draws tourists and business alike.
Argentine Gaucho:In the nearly two centuries since winning independence from Spain, Argentines have turned a million square miles of grassland, mountains, deserts, and tropical forests into one of the world’s richest nations. Argentina’s first gauchos, or cowboys, were cavalrymen who fought in the civil wars that scourged the country for almost 50 years after independence. Now they’re seen as reminders of a more chivalrous past.
Mount Fitz Roy: Just beyond the mist, Mount Fitz Roy rises to 11,070 feet (3,374 meters) at the border between Argentina and Chile. The almost perpetual cover of clouds inspired the region’s native Tehuelche people to call the peak Chaltén, "mountain that smokes."
Tango: In a small restaurant in Buenos Aires, a couple tangos for the diners, pivoting and gliding to timeless melodies.
La Boca, Buenos Aires: A coastal neighborhood of Buenos Aires, La Boca was settled by Italian immigrants and has some of the city’s most colorful real estate. It also has one of nation’s best soccer teams, Boca Junior. The team’s bright blue and yellow jerseys were inspired not by the local homes but by the flag of a Swedish ship that sailed into port.
Falklands War Memorial: The guard changes at a memorial commemorating the hundreds of Argentines who died during the 1982 Falklands War, in which their country lost to the United Kingdom. Described by Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges as “a fight between two bald men over a comb,” the war contributed to the downfall of the right-wing military junta that had ruled Argentina since 1976.
Humahuaca: Cars sit parked along a narrow, stone-paved road in the town of Humahuaca in northern Argentina. The valley in which it lies—the Quebrada de Humahuaca, named a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2003—has been a trade route for thousands of years.
Cerro Torre: The icy, triangular peak of Cerro Torre greets climbers as they pass through the Cirque of the Altars. The granite spires of the mountain rise 10,177 feet (3,102 meters) into the sky
The Majesty of Mt. Fitz Roy and Cerro Torre
Horse Ranch, El Calafate: Men and horses pause near El Calafate, a town just beyond Lake Argentina in the southern reaches of Patagonia. With its stunning backdrop of Andes peaks, the town is one of the country’s biggest tourist draws.
Plaza de Mulas:Icy remnants of winter snows guard Plaza de Mulas, base camp for climbers approaching Mount Aconcagua, the world’s highest peak outside of Asia. Known as the Stone Sentinel, the mountain remains mostly free of snow even though glaciers fill the valleys below.
Elephant Seal: A mother elephant seal rests on a Patagonian shore, forming a platform for her pup. Before being weaned at about three weeks, newborn seals grow to nearly 300 pounds (136 kilograms), while their nursing mothers lose up to a third of their body mass.
Cowboy hat: A girl wears several hats in the town of Humahuaca in northern Argentina, where people revere the traditions of their rugged ancestors.
Salta Province Festival: The wind makes mischief for a girl dressed in her festival best in Salta Province in northwestern Argentina. The Andes rise up behind her, eventually running the length of South America and delineating the border between Argentina and Chile.
Plaza de la Republica, Buenos Aires: Drivers stream past the obelisk in the Plaza de la República in Buenos Aires. The monument was built in 1936 to commemorate the 400th anniversary of the city’s founding.
Buenos Aires is the capital of Argentina. With a population of about 12 million people in the metropolitan area, Buenos Airesis Argentina’s largest city and one of the largest cities in South America. Its population is made up of Argentines of Spanish or Italian descents, but there are also communities of Arab, Hebrew, Armenian and Korean. A small part of the people has origins of indigenous inhabitants.
Eco Friendly Hilton to be built in Bariloche, Argentina
Ecuador is the second-smallest country in South America, but its range of offerings is no less than astounding. In a day’s drive, you can journey from the Amazon Basin, across glaciated Andean volcanoes, down through tropical cloud forests and into the sunset on the balmy Pacific coast. One day you’ll pick through hand-woven wool sweaters at a chilly indigenous market in Otavalo; the next day you’ll be sweating while observing the howler monkeys in the Amazon jungles of the Oriente. For nature lovers, Ecuador is a dream, what with its exotic orchids and birds, bizarre jungle plants, strange insects, dripping tropical forests and the fearless animals that hop, wobble and swim around the unique, unforgettable Galápagos Islands.
Pigeons circle the basilica in Quito, Ecuador.
A deteriorating bridge on a creek that leads into the Tiputini River, a tributary of the AmazonPhoto taken in the Galapágos Islands in October 2009. The sea lion was near the shore on rocks and was almost the same color as his surroundings.Cayambe in EcuadorPart of the weeklong celebration of the harvest festival. This happened at one of the villages in the Cayambe highlands. It shows the village square with Cayambe volcano in the background.
A Church in Quito
The summit of Cotopaxi in July 2007
Sunset over the Laguna Grande in Cuyabeno Reserve, Ecuador
San Francisco Church in Quito
Taken from El Panecillo in Quito, Ecuador, during the middle of summer
Every November, Hacienda Yanahurco in Ecuador has a wild cow/horse roundup. These wild cows were penned up for the night after spending the previous 364 days in the open, high mountains.
This unique rock formation juts up from the ocean just off the coast of the Galápagos Islands.
This seemingly large mountain is just a little foothill of its much larger neighbor, Cayambe.
The Ecuadorian coast has a very hot and humid climate, with temperatures averaging 25ºC to 31ºC. The rainy season is during the months of December to May when it is warmer and very humid. The dry season is a little less humid but it isn't dry at all. Ecuador never goes long without heavy rainfall. This photo is from Canoa on the coast.
An Ecuadorian market trader in Cañar
Spectators are packed in to watch a bullfight.
It is this child's birthday celebration on the main street of the small village of Mindo, Ecuador, the two little girls hugging in anticipation as the piñata is struck.
A mother carrying her child in the San Gerardo village in EcuadorSan Rafael Falls in Yasuni National ParkAmazon Rain Forest
A mother carrying her child in the San Gerardo village in EcuadorSan Rafael Falls in Yasuni National ParkAmazon Rain Forest
Quito, EcuadorTrangurahua VolcanoVolcan Cotopaxi
On December 24 each year, a day-long celebration of the Ecuadorian town of Cuenca.
Ecuadorians do all the pretty cosmetic little things on Pigs.
Tangurahua Vocano in activity