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2011년 5월 3일 화요일

장기화에 접어든 리비아 사태 2/2: Long and Bloody Libyan Crisis 2/2

리비아는 우리나라의 625 동란 같이 자국내에서의 전쟁이다. 물론 가다피가 권력에 대해 고집스러운 집착을 해서 벌어진 일이지만 거의 3개월이 지나면서 반군은 물론 리비아 정부로서도 경제적으로나 사회적으로 막대한 피해를 입어 나라의 주권 조차 유지하는데 용이하지 않는 사태로 악화될 수 있다. 모두가 원하는 민주화의 길을 결국은 갈 것이라고 보여지나 치뤄야 할 댓가는 상상을 초월하여 회복하는데 많은 세월이 걸릴 것으로 본다.

Libyan Refugees Flee fighting by land and sea.
TRIPOLI (Reuters) – Fighting between rebels and forces loyal to Muammar Gaddafi is forcing thousands of refugees to flee western Libya on foot to the Tunisian border and by boat to Europe, the United Nations said on Tuesday, May 3,2011.
Rebels said that over 40 Grad rockets had hit the rebel-held town of Zintan in the Western Mountains late on Tuesday, and aid deliveries to the western port of Misrata have been hindered by artillery fire and mines near the harbor entrance.
Rebel spokesmen said fighting had flared again in Misrata's eastern suburbs, but that intense air strikes by NATO planes appeared to have won the port, the city's lifeline, a respite in shelling by forces loyal to the Libyan leader.
In Tripoli, witnesses heard two loud explosions late on Tuesday but there was no explanation of their cause.
Gaddafi, who seized power in a 1969 coup, has not been seen in public since a NATO missile attack on Saturday on a house in Tripoli, which killed his youngest son and three grandchildren.
Deputy Foreign Minister Khaled Kaim said Gaddafi was alive and in good health and had "not at all" been hurt in the NATO strike. "He met today a number of tribal leaders," Kaim said.
Asked when Gaddafi would appear publicly amid questions over whether he survived the blast, Kaim said "This is up to him, his security people ... He has been targeted four times."
Turkish Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan, in his strongest public comments yet on the power struggle in Libya, said "Gaddafi should step down right away and leave the administration to Libyan people."
"Libya is not the property of a single person or family," Erdogan told a news conference in Istanbul, appealing to Gaddafi to realize how his people were suffering. Erdogan has been urging Gaddafi to quit since early March.
EXODUS FROM MOUNTAINS
The U.N. refugee agency UNHCR said an exodus from the Western Mountains region had resumed, with Libyan families fleeing into southern Tunisia.
"This past weekend, more than 8,000 people, most of them ethnic Berbers, arrived in Dehiba in southern Tunisia. Most are women and children," UNHCR spokesman Adrian Edwards told a news briefing in Geneva. Tens of thousands have already fled.
The Dehiba crossing point has changed hands several times in the last week, with fighting spilling over onto Tunisian soil.
A violent sandstorm that battered the area had made the situation more difficult. "The storm has destroyed hundreds of tents and two huge portable warehouses," Edwards said.
"Most of the Libyan refugees are leaving Libya in tribal groups. Many are choosing to stay in the camps for a few days before moving on to stay with Tunisian families," he said.
Meanwhile, more people have been fleeing Libya by sea to Italy, after a 10-day break due to bad weather.
While a few rebel pockets such as Zintan and Misrata resist Gaddafi's forces in western Libya, in the largely rebel-held east the most pressing need is for cash to try to restore infrastructure and establish a viable administration.
Rebels said they expected billions of dollars in credit soon from Western governments to feed and supply their territories in the east and support their campaign against Gaddafi.
Ali Tarhouni, head of the rebel national council's finance committee, said he expected France, Italy and the United States to extend credit secured against frozen Libyan state assets.
ECONOMY IN TATTERS
With Libya's economy in tatters after more than two months of civil war, funds to pay for food, medicine and the state salaries on which most people depend are running low.
"We are still discovering different segments that need to be paid that we thought were paid," Tarhouni told reporters in the eastern rebel stronghold of Benghazi.
"At every single moment another need arises in terms of food, medicine and people who are injured," he said. "I need about $2-3 billion and we are hoping to get most or all this."
British Foreign Secretary William Hague said the countries in the Libya 'contact group' would discuss establishing a temporary financial mechanism at talks in Rome this week.
British Prime Minister David Cameron told parliament there were "opportunities for tightening sanctions over things like oil and oil products to make sure this regime ... realizes it cannot go on terrorising its own people."
President Nicolas Sarkozy told the French weekly L'Express that France planned to organize a conference of "friends" of Libya, including defectors and various political groups, to try to build a political solution.
The insurgents had hoped for a swift overthrow of Gaddafi but his better-trained and better-equipped forces halted the westward rebel advance from their stronghold of Benghazi and forced a stalemate in the fighting.
The International Organization for Migration said an aid ship was still waiting off Misrata for mines to be cleared before it delivered supplies and evacuated foreigners and wounded Libyans. NATO said its minesweepers had destroyed two mines laid by government forces and were searching for a third.
(Additional reporting by Stephanie Nebehay in Geneva, Tarek Amara and Abdelaziz Boumzar in Dehiba, Deepa Babington and Michael Georgy in Benghazi, Maher Nazeh and Larbi Louafi in Tripoli, Hamid Ould Ahmed in Algiers, Mariam Karouny in Beirut and Stephanie Nebehay in Geneva; Matt Robinson in Tunis; Joseph Nasr in Berlin; Writing by Ralph Boulton and Kevin Liffey; Editing by Tim Pearce)

Libya

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카다피 화학무기 사용 가능성

카다피 정부군이 리비아 서부에서 반군이 유일하게 장악하고 있는 도시인 미스라타를 탈환하기 위해 화학무기를 사용할 가능성이 높아지고 있다고 영국 일간 인디펜던트가 2일 보도했다. 

미스라타 주민들은 지난달 30일 나토(북대서양조약기구)의 공습으로 아들을 잃은 카다피가 화학무기를 사용할지 모른다며 두려움에 떨고 있다. 한 주민은 “정부군 군인들에게 방독면이 지급되고 있다는 얘기를 들었다”고 말했다. 미스라타에 있는 반군과 주민들은 방독면을 구하려고 하지만 품귀 현상을 빚고 있다고 인디펜던트는 전했다. 

리비아는 지난 2003년 화학무기 확보를 포기하겠다고 공표한 뒤 이전에 보유했던 화학무기의 절반 가량을 폐기했지만, 아직 9.5? 규모의 겨자가스를 보유하고 있는 것으로 알려졌다. 겨자가스는 겨자유와 비슷한 냄새를 가진 독가스로 제1차 및 제2차 세계대전 때 화학무기로 사용됐으며, 독성이 20년 넘게 지속되는 것으로 알려져 있다.

리비아에서 세 번째로 큰 도시인 미스라타에서는 두 달 전부터 카다피 부대가 포위 공격을 벌이고 있으며, 이로 인한 사망자는 수백 명에 달한다. 카다피군은 한때 이 도시의 중심부까지 장악했으나 지난주 나토의 공습과 반군의 반격으로 도시 외곽으로 후퇴했다. 카다피 부대에 의해 육로가 차단된 미스라타의 주민들은 지중해를 통해 구호품 등을 전달받으며 카다피 세력에 대한 저항을 이어가고 있다.

2일 수도 트리폴리에서는 카다피의 여섯째 아들 사이프 알아랍과 손자 3명에 대한 장례식이 열렸다. 리비아 정부는 이들이 나토 공습으로 사망했다고 지난 1일 밝혔다. 카다피 지지자 1000여 명은 “순교자들을 위한 복수를”, “우리는 카다피를 원한다” 등 구호를 외쳤다. 이날 장례식장에서는 카다피의 다른 아들 사이프 알이슬람과 한니발의 모습도 보였다고 AFP통신이 전했다



Obama Defends US Role in Libya
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Libya, 'The Beginning, not the End'
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Libyan Rebels Meet Resistance near Sirte
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A flight deck crew works around a Super Etendard fighter jet in preparation for a catapult launch aboard France's flagship Charles de Gaulle aircraft carrier on March 28. The Charles de Gaulle continues to run air sorties against targets in Libya.

An injured rebel arrives at a hospital after clashes with pro-Gadhafi forces in Ras Lanouf on March 29. Libyan government tanks and rockets blunted a rebel assault on Moammar Gadhafi's hometown of Sirte on Tuesday and drove back the ragtag army of irregulars.


Week 6



Libyan rebels flee as shells from Moammar Gadhafi's forces land on the front line outside Bin Jawwad in central Libya on Tuesday, March 29.

Smoke billows as seven explosions were reported in the tightly-guarded residence of leader Moammar Gadhafi and military targets in the suburb of Tajura, Tripoli on March 29.

A missile drops on the tightly-guarded residence of Moammar Gadhafi and military targets in the capital Tripoli on March 29. NATO-led coalition aircraft had been seen in the skies over the capital earlier in the afternoon.

Libyans loyal to Moammar Gadhafi show the damage inside a flat, gutted by what Libyan officials said was an explosion at an army ammunition depot in the town of Mizdah on March 29. Officials said the depot was hit by a Western air strike and the ensuing explosion caused damage to buildings across a wide area.

Rebel fighters receive training on how to use a mortar at a military camp in Benghazi on March 30.

The guided-missile destroyer USS Barry launches a Tomahawk cruise missile from the ship's bow in the Mediterranean Sea on March 29. Barry is currently supporting Joint Task Force (JTF) Odyssey Dawn as part of the international response to the unrest in Libya.

Traffic from Ajdabiya streams past a rebel checkpoint towards Benghazi on March 30.

Rebels flee an area near the eastern town of Brega on March 31.

Rebels flee an area near the eastern town of Brega on March 31.

Libyans demonstrate their support to leader Moamer Kadhafi on April 1, gathering as human shield in front of his residence in the Tripoli suburb of Bab Laziziya which has been targeted by a coalition airstrike

Libyan rebels prepare before leaving Ajdabiya to the front line near the oil town of Brega, as the West backed off from arming the rag-tag fighters and pushed for a political solution instead, on April 1.

A rebel soldier brandishes homemade grenades in the colors of the Libyan rebel flag, near Brega on April 1.

Gen. Abdel-Fattah Younis, former interior minister in the Gadhafi regime, who defected early on, is greeted by Libyan rebels after joining the front line near Brega on April 1.

A group of citizens gather to burn hundreds of copies of Moammar Gadhafi's "Green Book" near the court in Benghazi on April 2. The book is a manual outlining the political strategy and philosophy of the Libyan leader.

The body of Libyan rebel Moftah Wanis el-Jazwi is wrapped with the old Libyan flag at the hospital in Ajdabiya on April 2.

A Libyan rebel digs a hole to bury the charred remains of rebels who were killed in a NATO airstrike overnight along the front line near Brega on April 2. One of the rebels who survived said a rebel mistakenly fired at a NATO aircraft just before the attack. NATO said that it was investigating the reports.

A young boy who said he spent two days in besieged Brega and stole a vehicle belonging to Gadhafi's forces in order to return to the rebel side is questioned by rebel fighters near the front line east of Brega on April 3.

Rebel fighters shoot the tires out of a vehicle, unseen, belonging to Gadhafi's forces as it sped through the rebel front line east of Brega on April 3. The vehicle was driven by a young boy who said he spent two days in besieged Brega and stole the vehicle to return to the rebel side.

Rebel fighters welcome a Turkish ship arriving from Misrata to the port of Benghazi to evacuate the wounded on Sunday, April 3. The Turkish vessel is taking hundreds of people wounded in the Libyan uprising for treatment in Turkey from the two cities of Misrata and Benghazi.

A Norwegian F-16 jet fighter takes off on a mission to Libya from the Souda military base on Crete Island, Greece, on April 4. NATO conducted 70 air raids over Libya on April 2, the Western military alliance said on April 3, in its daily report of its previous day's activities. As part of their remit to implement United Nations-authorized military action against Libya, NATO planes are both enforcing a no-fly zone and targeting Libyan military objectives to prevent attacks on civilians.

A Libyan man kisses a picture of Moammar Gadhafi plastered on the windshield of a car, along with pictures of European and US leaders, during a demonstration in Tripoli's Green square on Monday, April 4


Week 7



New recruits line up to receive food during a break at a rebel forces training camp in Benghazi on Tuesday. Despite being supplemented by captured heavy weapons and backed by Western airstrikes from some of the world's finest air forces, Libya's rebels are still a long way from overpowering the better trained and equipped forces of Gadhafi.

A Libyan man checks documents left lying around a torched police station in the city of Zawiya on April 5.

Head of the rebel forces Abdel Fattah Younes holds a news conference in Benghazi on April 5. Libyan rebels fighting Moammar Gadhafi's forces on Tuesday criticized NATO as too slow to act and said they would ask the U.N. Security Council to suspend its mission unless it "did its job properly." Younes said NATO's inaction was allowing Gadhafi's forces to advance and letting them kill the people of the rebel-held city of Misrata "every day".

Photographs at a police station in Zawiya on April 5, depicting dead people and scenes of torture. Journalists discovered the photographs and records on an official trip to this devastated city, where Gadhafi forces battled rebels for nearly a week to retake control. 

A boy holding Libya's former national flag, now used by rebels fighting forces loyal to Moammar Gadhafi, looks at a wall bearing pictures of citizens killed or gone missing in the eastern rebel stronghold of Benghazi on April 6.

Libyan rebels drive their vehicle to the font line near Ajdabiyaon on April 6. According to media sources, Libyan rebels trying to retake the northeastern oil port of Brega were pushed back to the city of Ajdabiya early Wednesday by Moammar Gadhafi‘s armed forces. The rebels were coming under heavy shelling some 30 kilometers outside Adjabiya, located between Brega and the rebel stronghold of Benghazi in the east, one source in Benghazi told the German Press Agency dpa.

A Libyan rebel fighter mourns over a fallen comrade whose body lies in the back of their fighting vehicle as they arrive at a mortuary in Ajdabiya on April 7.

Libyan rebels pray while a comrade stands with a rocket propelled grenade launcher on the western edge of Ajdabiyah on April 8. Rebels skirmished with loyalist troops trying to retake the city.

A combination of still images taken from an undated video shows a Libyan tank being destroyed by a missile fired by a NATO Tornado fighter jet in Libya. NATO issued the video on Friday, April 8, and said it showed a tank being used by Moammar Gadhafi's forces in an assault on the rebel-held city of Misrata.

A boat carrying people fleeing the western city of Misrata, arrives at the port in Benghazi, on April 9. The British military said its warplanes hit seven tanks around Ajdabiya and the rebel-held city of Misrata in western Libya on Friday as part of the NATO-led mission.

Supporters of Gadhafi chant slogans in Tomina, southeast of the city of Misrata, on April 9. 

A wounded prisoner from Gadhafi's forces is transported in the back of a pickup truck by rebels, to take him to a hospital for treatment, half way between Brega and Ajdabiya, on Saturday, April 9. Rebels say they took two prisoners after a clash Saturday with soldiers near Brega's university outside the government-controlled oil facilities, marking a noticeable advance by rebels struggling to push back Gadhafi's forces.

A rebel fighter closes the eyes of a comrade in the Ajdabiyah morgue after he was killed during clashes with government troops April 10, 2011 in Ajdabiyah.

A cameraman films a pro-Gadhafi forces tank as it burns on the outskirts of Ajdabiya, on April 10. Libyan rebels said NATO airstrikes on Sunday helped them drive Gadhafi's forces out of the hard-fought eastern city of Ajdabiya that is the gateway to the opposition's stronghold of Benghazi.
Airstrike Helps Libyan Rebels Hold Town
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Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi waves from a car in the compound of Bab Al Azizia in Tripoli, after a meeting with a delegation of five African leaders seeking to mediate in Libya's conflict, April 10. Gadhafi, making his first appearance in front of the foreign media in weeks, joined a visiting African Union delegation on Sunday.

Left to right, Presidents Amadou Toumani Toure of Mali, Jacob Zuma of South Africa, Denis Sassou Nguesso of Congo, Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi, Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz of Mauritania and African Union president Jean Ping gather outside a tent at Gadhafi's Bab al-Aziziya residence in Tripoli on Sunday, April 10. The leader from the African Union said that Gadhafi has accepted a deal for a cease-fire with the rebels, who they will meet with on Monday.

Rebel fighters bury dead bodies, killed by what the rebels say was a NATO airstrike, at the western gate of Ajdabiyah, on Monday, April 11.

An angry but peaceful crowd lines the route to the Tibesty Hotel where an African Union delegation was meeting with opposition leaders in Benghazi on Monday, April 11.


Week 8

A rebel fighter shouts to others not to flee but to stand their ground, after brief shelling that landed near an ammunition dump on the outskirts of Ajdabiya on April 12.

An rebel fighter rests at the western entrance of Ajdabiya on Tuesday, April 12. Forces loyal to Moammar Gadhafi bombarded the rebel-held area.

A wounded Libyan rebel, center left, falls after being shot in the head during a firefight in Ajdabiya on Tuesday, April 12. The skirmish broke out after rebels believed a fighter loyal to Moammar Gadhafi was hiding in the building at right.

A rebel fighter sits atop a pick-up truck mounted with a rocket launchers taken off a helicopter gunship, at the frontline along the western entrance of Ajdabiya on April 13.

A rebel aims his rocket-propelled grenade at a vehicle he suspects of carrying supporters of Moammar Gadhafi, at a checkpoint in Zuwaytinah on April 13.

Rebels man pick-up trucks mounted with machine guns as they prepare to fight Moammar Gadhafi's forces, some 40 km from Ajdabiya on April 14.

A rebel poses with weapons after fierce fighting erupted afresh around the battleground crossroads town of Ajdabiya on April 14. A convoy of some 60 rebel vehicles at a staging point west of the city recaptured from loyalist fighters at the weekend came under heavy artillery and mortar fire, prompting a salvo of rockets in riposte.
Western Leaders Gaddafi Must Go
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A rebel fighter celebrates as his comrades fire a rocket barrage toward the positions of troops loyal to Moammar Gadhafi west of Ajdabiya on April 14.

Supporters of Moammar Gadhafi hold his portrait as they gather at the Bab Aziziyah compound in Tripoli early on April 15.

Aisha, daughter of Libyan Leader Moammar Gadhafi, salutes the crowds gathered in her father's residence in Tripoli early on April 15, exactly 25 years after the compound was struck by U.S. bombs.

Rebel fighters use gunpowder to write their names on the tarmac, before heading to the front line near the eastern town of Ajdabiya on April 15. A rebel convoy drove past Ajdabiya on Friday to see if pro-regime forces had been rolled back by NATO warplanes.

Young people gather to discuss subjects to be published in the new weekly newspaper al-Sawt ("The Voice") in Benghazi on April 14. At least half a dozen new publications have emerged in the city in the past two months.

A man carries an opposition flag and a placard in French reading "No al-Qaida, No Hezbollah, Long Live Libya," during Friday prayers in Benghazi on April 15.

Ali Salem el-Faizani, 10, directs traffic at a street corner while working as a traffic cop in Benghazi on April 15. Schools have been closed throughout eastern Libya for nearly two months due to the ongoing civil conflict; some children like Ali are working to pass the time, in his case finding a job via a Boy Scout-like youth troop that is affiliated with the Benghazi traffic police. "I like directing the cars around," Ali says.

A crowd performs Friday prayers in front of the coffin of Faraj Omar Boushaiha, 51, who his relatives said died in Ajdabiya the previous day, next to the courthouse in Benghazi on April 15.
Former Nurse Reveals Gaddafi's Bizzare Behavior
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Doctors at a hospital in Misratra on Monday, April 18, treat a baby who suffered cuts from shrapnel that blasted through the window of his home. Thousands of civilians are trapped in Misrata as fighting continues between Libyan government forces and anti-government rebels.


Week 9

A Libyan rebel wearing a pilot's helmet fires a heavy machine gun mounted on a pick-up truck during heavy clashes with fighters loyal to Gadhafi in central Misrata on April 18.

Rebels man a checkpoint in Misrata, in the dark of night on April 18. A doctor reported 1,000 people killed in six weeks of fighting in the besieged city.

International Red Cross trucks drive along the motorway between Benghazi and Ajdabiya on April 19. According to the opposition based in the eastern city of Benghazi, rebels had fought their way back to the eastern city of Ajdabiya by late April 18. The western city of Misrata, however, remains under siege.

People queue for bread in Misrata on April 19, as the besieged western Libyan city is running low on commodities and people face long lines for food and other essentials.

A gravedigger turns the earth, preparing a grave for a civilian victim of the Libyan conflict, on April 19 in Misrata. The simple graveyard in Misrata has hundreds of simple concrete graves; many dozens are for those who have been killed during the last two months of fighting in the besieged town. Thousands of civilians are trapped in Misrata as fighting continues between Libyan government forces that have surrounded the city and anti-government rebels there.

Mohammed Madani, also known as Madani Lion, 22, left, and Milad Faraway, also known as Dark Man, 20, right, of the Music Masters rap group perform during a recording session in a small rooftop studio on top of a residential building in Benghazi on April 19. The freewheeling rap scene developing in Benghazi indicates how much has changed in eastern Libya over the past two months with a growing cadre of amateur rappers whose powerful songs have helped define the revolution, capturing the anger and frustration young Libyans feel at decades of repressive rule under Moammar Gadhafi.

Rebels escape from a building they entered, believing to have captured it from troops loyal to leader Moammar Gahdafi on Tripoli Street in Misrata on April 20.

Libyan rebel fighters discuss how to dislodge some government loyalist troops who were firing on them from the next room during house-to-house fighting on Tripoli Street in downtown Misrata on April 20.

Doctors and medics attend to Getty Images photographer Chris Hondros, foreground, and photojournalist Tim Hetherington in a Misrata hospital, April 20, 2011. Hetherington, the co-director of Oscar-nominated war documentary "Restrepo," and Hondros died in the besieged Libyan town of Misrata on Wednesday. The photographers were among a group caught by mortar fire on Tripoli Street, the main thoroughfare leading into the center of Misrata, the only major rebel-held town in western Libya.

Libyan rebel fighters carry out a comrade wounded during an effort to dislodge some ensconced government loyalist troops who were firing on them from a building during house-to-house fighting on Tripoli Street in downtown Misrata, April 20. Rebel forces assaulted the downtown positions of troops loyal to Libyan strongman Moammar Gadhafi, briefly forcing them back over a key bridge and trapping several in a building that fought back instead of surrendering, firing on the rebels and seriously wounding two of them during the standoff.
A rebel fighter mourns his dead comrades, killed early in the morning during shelling by Gadhafi forces in Misrata, April 21.'

Rebel fighters launch rockets against Moammar Gadhafi's forces at the frontline along the western entrance of Ajdabiya, April 21.

People hold a banner during the arrival of Greek ferry "Ionian Spirit", which is carrying evacuees from Misrata and the bodies of Oscar-nominated filmmaker Tim Hetherington and Getty photographer Chris Hondros, at the port of Benghazi, Thursday, April 21. The two photojournalists were killed on Wednesday after coming under fire in the besieged Libyan town of Misrata.

Libyans look at pictures of their missing compatriots in downtown Benghazi on April 22. According to media sources, the United States will deploy armed drones into Libya to step up attacks on Gadhafi's forces, a step welcomed by rebel fighters and supporters of the opposition council in Benghazi.

U.S. senator John McCain walks with Abdul Hafiz Ghoqa, spokesman of the Libyan National Transitional Council (NTC), during his tour to the rebel headquarters in the eastern stronghold city of Benghazi on Friday, April 22. McCain is the highest-ranking U.S. politician to visit Libya's rebel-held east since a popular uprising began against Moammar Gadhafi's rule in mid-February.
McCain Meets with Rebels in Libya
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A rebel fighter looks out from a high building in the besieged city of Misrata on April 23. Government troops retreated to the outskirts of Misrata under rebel fire Saturday and the opposition claimed victory after officials in Tripoli decided to pull back forces loyal to Moammar Gadhafi following nearly two months of laying siege to the western city.

Rebel snipers watch through holes in a wall as they cover for comrades during an attack on a building where forces loyal to Col. Moammar Gadhafi are held up in the Zwabi district of Misrata on April 24.

Rebels tread carefully as they prepare to invade a house where soldiers from the pro-government forces had their base in the Zwabi area of Misrata on April 24.

Smoke rises from the remains of a building in Moammar Gadhafi's Bab al-Aziziyah compound in Tripoli, following a NATO airstrike early on April 25. A Libyan official accompanying journalists at the scene said 45 people were wounded, 15 seriously, in the bombing.


Week 10

Burned cars are seen next to a plume of black smoke in the port of Misrata on April 27.

African migrants wait in line in Misrata to be evacuated by an International Organization for Migration ship to the rebel stronghold of Bengazi on April 27. Smoke rises in the background from shelling by Gadhafi's forces.

Volunteers unload a truck of supplies in a newly opened refugee camp for Libyans, at the border town of Dehiba, Tunisia, on April 29.

Tunisian soldiers in Dehiba village patrol near an overturned Libyan government armed vehicle after Libyan clashes spilled across the border into Tunisia on April 29.

A Libyan rebel loads a machine gun during a gathering for supporters of the rebels in the eastern city of Benghazi.

A huge flag of the former Libyan monarchy fllutters during a gathering for supporters of the rebels in the eastern city of Benghazi on April 29. The flag has been adopted by the anti-Gadhafi movement.

Libyan rebels carry a comrade wounded by shrapnel into a makeshift first-aid clinic at a house close to the front line in Al-Ghiran, near Misrata airport, on Friday, April 29. Government tanks launched another assault on the besieged Libyan port city, rebels said.

Destruction from an air strike is seen at what officials say is an institution for children with Downs Syndrome, in Tripoli, April 30. NATO bombed a government complex that included the state television building in Tripoli. The Libyans alleged the strike was meant to kill Gadhafi as his address was broadcast live on state TV, but the TV building was not damaged and Gadhafi spoke from an undisclosed location. British Defense Minister Liam Fox and U.S. Defense Secretary Robert Gates told reporters that NATO planes were not targeting Gadhafi specifically but would continue to attack his command centers.

Libyans pray during a funeral of four Libyan rebel fighter in the besieged city of Misrata, Saturday, April 30. Moammar Gadhafi called for a cease-fire and negotiations with NATO powers in a live speech on state TV early Saturday, just as NATO bombs struck a government complex in the Libyan capital. Despite Gadhafi's calls for a cease-fire, his supporters continue their attacks on rebels and the besieged city of Misrata.

One of the rooms in the damaged house of Moammar Gadhafi, one day after it was hit by an airstrike, in Tripoli

A Libyan rebel lies on the ground after being wounded by a mortar shell which killed two rebels after it was fired by Moammar Gadhafi's forces in Al-Ghiran near Misrata airport on May 1.

Libyans inspect damage and an unexploded missile at the Gadhafi family compound in a residential area of Tripoli, on Sunday, May 1. Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi escaped a NATO missile strike in Tripoli that killed one of his sons and three young grandchildren on Saturday. The strike reduced most of the Gadhafi family compound, which takes up an entire block in the residential Garghour neighborhood, to rubble.

An African refugee prays in a camp near the port of the besieged city of Misrata as he waits waits to be evacuated to Benghazi on May 2.

Moammar Gadhafi's son Saif al-Islam Gadhafi, center, and his half brother Mohamed Gadhafi, left, pray during the funeral for their brother, Saif al-Arab Gadhafi, who was killed last Saturday.

Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi's son Saif al-Islam Gadhafi, center, leaves the El Hani cemetery in Tripoli May 2 following the funeral of his brother Saif al-Arab Gadhafi, who was killed during air strikes by coalition forces last Saturday, April 30. Crowds chanting Moammar Gadhafi's name gathered in Tripoli on Monday for the funeral of his son and three grandchildren, killed in a NATO airstrike.

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