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2011년 5월 3일 화요일

장기화에 접어든 리비아 사태 1/2: Long and Bloody Libyan Crisis 1/2

리비아 사태는 발생한지 벌써 10주째가 되어 가는 가운데 결말의 기미는 아직 보이지 않는다.

지난 3월 18일 선진 7개국(G7)이 외환시장 공동 개입을 선언한 이후 초강세를 보이던 엔화가 약세로 돌아섰고, 주말을 고비로 일본 원전 사태가 최악의 상황은 넘긴 것 같다는 희망적인 뉴스도 함께 날아들었다. G7의 환율 공조에 대해 호주 ANZ 은행의 팀 리델(Riddell)은 "25년 동안 금융업계에 종사했지만 환율 문제에 대해 이렇게 확실하게 협력하는 모습은 본 적이 없다"고 말했다.

하지만 미국과 영국 등 서방 국가들이 20일 새벽 리비아에 대해 대규모 공습을 퍼부으면서 글로벌 경제는 다시 안갯속으로 접어들었다. 전문가들은 리비아와 바레인예멘 등 이른바 MENA(Middle East, North Africa·북아프리카와 중동) 사태가 장기화될 경우 유가(油價) 급등 등 세계 경제의 불확실성이 높아질 것으로 우려하고 있다.

로이터통신은 주말이 끝나고 원유시장이 다시 열리면 브렌트유 가격이 지난달 최고치였던 배럴당 119달러까지 급등할 가능성이 있다고 전망했다. 주말엔 113.93달러에 마감했었다. 중동사태가 장기화하면 150달러까지 올라 사상최고치를 경신할 수 있다는 전망도 나온다.

지난 18일까지만 해도 카다피 정부가 정전(停戰)을 선언하면서 중동 지역에 대한 불안감이 다소 가라앉는 분위기였다. 하지만 19일 다국적 연합군이 2003년 이라크 전쟁 이후 중동 최대 규모의 군사 개입에 나섬에 따라 유가 불안이 가중될 가능성이 커졌다. 지난 1991년 걸프전 때도 국제 석유가격은 20달러대에서 40달러대까지 단기 급등한 적이 있다.

리비아 국영석유공사(NOC)의 쇼크리 가넴 회장은 연합군이 리비아에 대한 공격을 단행하기 몇 시간 전 TV로 방송된 기자회견에서 리비아의 원유 생산이 전면 중단될 수 있다고 경고했다. 그는 "외국 석유 기업들이 직원을 철수하면서 리비아의 하루 산유량이 40만배럴 이하로 감소했다"고 했다. 과거엔 약 160만 배럴이었다. 

리비아 국영석유공사 가넴 회장은 “외국 기업들은 철수한 직원들을 다시 돌려보내 업무를 재개하도록 해야 한다”면서 “그렇지 않을 경우 중국·인도·브라질 기업에 원유와 가스를 개발할 권리를 넘기겠다”고 위협하기도 했다.

국제에너지기구(IEA)는 지난 15일 리비아의 원유 수출이 몇달간 중단될 가능성이 있다고 추정했다. 리비아 정부군과 반군의 교전이 한 달간 이어지며 원유 관련 시설이 피해를 입었기 때문이다. 국제 유가는 리비아를 포함해 중동 지역에서 반정부 시위가 연달아 발생한 탓에 최근 3개월간 10% 이상 올랐다.

바레인에선 수니파와 시아파의 맹주인 사우디와 이란의 대리전 양상으로 치닫자 국제 신용평가사인 스탠더드앤드푸어스(S&P)가 18일 바레인의 국가 신용등급을 ‘A-’에서 두 단계 낮은 ‘BBB’로 강등했다. 예멘에서도 18일 반정부 시위대와 정부의 충돌로 30여명이 사망하면서 국가비상사태가 선포됐다. 최대 관건은 리비아 사태가 얼마나 장기화되느냐이다. 대외경제연구원 허인 국제금융팀장은 “걸프전 때는 미국이 빠르게 상황을 정리했지만, 지금은 미국과 다국적군이 그런 힘과 의지를 갖고 있는지 의문”이라고 말했다. 여기에 지진으로 잠시 주춤한 일본의 석유 수요까지 가세할 경우 국제 원유 가격은 다시 한번 급등세를 보일 가능성이 있다.

그러나 다국적군의 개입으로 리비아 사태가 단기간에 정리된다면 불확실성 해소 측면에서 글로벌 경제에 호재로 작용할 수 있다. 삼성증권 김성봉 연구원은 “걸프전 때도 초기에는 유가가 민감하게 반응했지만 전세가 연합군 쪽으로 기울어지자 곧 제자리로 돌아왔다”고 말했다.

미 합참 "카다피 지상군 40% 궤멸"  4/22/2011

멀린 미합참의장은 또 알-카에다가 리비아 반군에서 활동하고 있는 징후는 보이지 않는다며 리비아 사태에 알-카에다의 개입 가능성을 일축했다.

그는 “우리는 사태를 예의주시하고 있지만 알-카에다가 반군을 대변하고 있다는 징후는 보지 못했다”고 전했다. 그의 발언은 미국이 무인폭격기 ‘프레데터 드론’을 통한 리비아 공습을 개시했다고 밝힌 다음 날 이뤄진 것이다.

로버트 게이츠 미 국방장관은 지난 21일 기자회견에서 “카다피군 지상 목표물에 대한 공격도를 높이기 위해 버락 오바마 대통령이 무인폭격기의 사용을 승인했다”고 밝혔다.

반군 측은 카다피군이 리비아 제3의 도시 미스라타에 맹공을 퍼부으며 탈환을 시도하고 있는 상황에서 미국의 무인폭격기 투입이 전세를 바꾸는 데 큰 도움이 될 것이라며 환영했다.
반군 측 언론담당관 무스타파 게리아니는 “미국의 무인폭격기는 정확도가 매우 높기 때문에, 6주째 이어지고 있는 미스라타 교전에서 우리가 승기를 잡는데 도움을 줄 것으로 기대한다”고 말했다.
리비아 반군은 국제사회에 지상군 파병도 강력 요청하고 있지만 미국과 프랑스 등 많은 나라들은 민간인 피해 등을 우려해 지상군 투입에 부정적인 입장을 유지하고 있다.

한편, 이날 존 매케인 미 상원의원은 반군의 거점 도시 벵가지를 방문, 반군의 대표기구인 국가위원회 지도부를 만나 리비아 사태와 관련한 현안을 주제로 의견을 나눴다.
대 리비아 군사작전에 대해 강력한 지지를 보내고 있는 그는 군사작전 이후 리비아를 방문한 미국의 최고위급 인사다. 매케인 의원은 “카다피군에 맞서 싸우고 있는 반군들은 나의 영웅”이라며 “리비아 상황에 대한 기초적인 평가를 위해 벵가지를 방문했다”고 말했다.

Libya

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Gaddafi's most prominet son speaks to Reuters (5/2/2011)
Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi's most prominent son, Saif al-Islam Gaddafi, gave Reuters a wide-ranging interview on Thursday.
Below are key quotes from the interview:
RELATIONS WITH THE WEST
"The French, the Europeans, they should talk to the Libyan people. ... If they want to support the militia, do it. But I tell you: you are going to lose. We will win. And we are not afraid of the American fleet, NATO, France, Europe. This is our country. We are here, we will die here."
"I still believe that President Obama is a wise man and he will (make) the right decision."
"We will never ever give up. We will never ever surrender. This is our country. We fight here in Libya. The Libyan people, we will never ever welcome NATO, we will never ever welcome Americans here. Libya is not a piece of cake. We are not a Mickey Mouse."
"Time is out now. It's time for action. ... We gave them (rebels) two weeks (for negotiations).
WHAT WILL HAPPEN IN LIBYA NOW?
"It's time for liberation. It's time for action. We are moving now. Everybody is very excited." "In a few days ... you will see a surprise, you will see people in the east ... defeating the militia. ... 
They don't represent anybody. They are self-appointed people. ... It's a joke, it's a Mickey Mouse council. Nobody is with them."

"But the West still lives in this fantasy. You will see a big surprise. Nobody welcomes NATO, the Americans to occupy Libya. ... Now it's too late for them. We are so united, we are so strong. And Libya will be free and peaceful soon."
"The army is very patient. They gave them (rebels) two weeks ... trying to reach a peaceful end. Two weeks. Even with terrorists, they were still patient."
ON DEMOCRACY AND REFORM
"And now ... we are more convinced and more determined to go toward democracy and freedom. I said this 10 years ago, myself, 2 years ago, last year, today and tomorrow. We have one direction. Democracy and freedom."
"The target is the constitution so everything is legalized. My father said in public, that I don't want to be the president of all of the country. We want to have a new structure, a new system, new parliament, new government, we have a draft ready. We want to have a modern democracy."
ON DUTCH MARINES
"Today we are going to hand over the Dutch soldiers to the Maltese and Greeks. We told them, don't come back again without our permission. We captured the first NATO soldiers, we are sending them back home. But we are still keeping their helicopter."
IS LIBYA IN A STATE OF CIVIL WAR?
"To be very precise, to be very frank, the war now is between the whole Libyan nation against terrorists and armed militia. Even the people in the east, we are receiving thousands of calls, people are saying, come here, hurry up and liberate us from armed militia."
"People are so afraid. They cannot open shops, kids can't go to school, universities shut down, people cannot go and get their money and salaries ... Everything is frozen now. Why? Because of the armed militia ... It's chaos, it's a mess ... They are waiting for us to get rid of the militia."
IS YOUR FATHER ANGRY?        "Everybody is angry."
WHO ARE THE REBELS?
"They are just gangsters. They took the arms of the army and they are fighting everybody."  "They are armed militia, like in Somalia. Young people take drugs, drunk, happy with arms and excitement and people encouraging them. So they are fighting ... Not everybody is al Qaeda. The majority is not al Qaeda. The majority is just armed militia, gangsters. ... We will not be tolerant."
Week 1
UNHCR Goodwill Ambassador Angelina Jolie visits Somali refugees at Shousha Camp located eight kilometres from the Tunisian-Libyan border in Ras Jdir, Tunisia on April 5. The actress travelled to the camp to encourage continued funding and support from the international community to further assist the hundreds of thousands of people who have crossed into Tunisia to escape the violence in LibyaMen, who used to work in Libya and fled the unrest in the country, line up as they wait to board buses to be repatriated in a refugee camp at the Tunisia-Libyan border, in Ras Jdir, Tunisia on March 15Bangladeshis, who used to work in Libya and fled the unrest in the country, wait to be called during their repatriation process as they try to leave for their country in a refugee camp at the Tunisia-Libyan border, in Ras Jdir, Tunisia on March 14.Stars trail across the night sky above a United Nations displacement camp in Ras Jdir, Tunisia on March 13.Former Libyan militia members who are now part of the opposition forces organize ammunition at a military base in Benghazi on Feb. 28.
A man checks the execution room inside the burned main prison of Moammar Gadhafi's forces in Benghazi on Feb. 28
Tunisian army soldiers try to calm down Egyptians during a protest near a refugee camp close to the Libyan and Tunisian border crossing of Ras Jdir, Feb. 28.
Libyan protesters surround an army tank manned by soldiers opposed to Moammar Gadhafi in the city of Zawiya on Feb. 28.
A man plays with his son in front of a cartoon depicting Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi in Benghazi on Feb. 26.
Former military officers are welcomed by the anti-Gadhafi protesters in Benghazi, Feb. 25. Libya's rebel-held city of Benghazi has filled a political void with a coalition which is cleaning up, providing food, building defences, reassuring foreign oil firms and telling Tripoli it believes in one nation. Weapons used in bloody clashes with pro-Gadhafi forces were collected and African mercenaries the coalition says the Libyan leader used to fire on protesters were in jail awaiting trial. The city paid a high price for the revolt with up to 250 dead.
Around 8,000 people gathered for midday prayers outside the Benghazi courthouse Friday. A local imam delivered his sermon alongside the coffins of three men killed in the violent uprising that routed Moammar Gadhafi loyalists from Benghazi.
Citizens tour an an underground jail that opposition supporters excavated at a palace compound of Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi on Thursday in Benghazi. The palace, like many government buildings in Benghazi, was heavily damaged during the previous week of fighting. The city is now under opposition control.
Goats walk past a surface-to-air missile (SAM) at an abandoned Libyan air force base in the eastern dissident-held city of Tobruk on Thursay after the base was stormed by anti-government protesters on February 20.

Week 2
A rebel fighter fires his rifle at a military aircraft loyal to Gadhafi at a checkpoint in Ras Lanuf.
French sailors off-load sacks of humanitarian aid from the French ship LHD Mistral in the Tunisian port of Zarzis on March 7. The supplies are to assist the thousands of migrant workers from various countries who have fled the conflict in Libya.
Anti-Gadhafi rebels fire multiple launcher rockets during clashes with pro-Gadhafi fighters near the town of Bin-Jawad, eastern Libya, March 6.
Rebels pray while battling government troops on the frontline near Ben Jawat, Libya, on March 6. Rebels lost territory as forces loyal to Libyan leader Muammar Gadhafi pushed them back to the town of Ras Lanuf.
Women mourn during funeral of people who were killed in weapons dump attack in Benghazi March 5. An attack by Libyan military forces loyal to Muammar Gadhafi on a weapons dump near Benghazi in rebel-controlled eastern Libya killed 17 people on Friday, Al Jazeera television reported.
A Libyan rebel holds a sword as he rides in a car to the battlefront near Ras Lanuf, west of the town of Brega, eastern Libya, Friday, March 4. Forces opposing Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi vowed "victory or death" as they advanced toward a major oil terminal, calling for foreign air strikes to set up a "no-fly" zone after three days of bombardments by Gadhafi's warplanes.
Libyan police fire tear gas at anti-Gadhafi protesters in the Tajoura district of eastern Tripoli on March 4. The protest came in defiance of a fierce crackdown by regime supporters that has spread fear in the capital.
Anti-Gadhafi protesters participate in Friday prayers at the court square in Benghazi, eastern Libya, March 4.
Rebels hold a young man at gunpoint between the towns of Brega and Ras Lanuf on March 3. He was accused of being loyal to Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi.
Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi waves upon his arrival for a ceremony of loyalists to mark 34 years of "people power" in Tripoli on March 2. He vowed to fight an uprising to "the last man, the last woman." His speech came as the U.N. refugee agency made a plea for hundreds of planes to end a gridlock at the Tunisia border with Libya, where "acres of people" fleeing the violence were still waiting to cross.


Week3

People carry the coffin of Ali Hassan al-Jaber during his funeral in Doha, Qatar, on Monday, March 14. The Al-Jazeera cameraman was killed in an ambush near the eastern Libyan city of Benghazi on March 12 while covering the fighting in Libya.
Suspected government-hired mercenaries, center, are detained by rebels in Benghazi on March 13.
Libyan rebels board a bus to take them away from the front line near Brega on March 12. Opposition forces have been losing ground as government troops loyal to Gadhafi press a counter-offensive to the east.
Supporters of Gadhafi chant slogans after the recapture of Martyr's Square by government forces in the center of Zawiya, 30 miles west of the capital Tripoli, on March 11. Picture taken while on a guided government tour.
Rebel fighters flee a government airstrike in Ras Lanuf on March 11. Government troops drove opposition forces out of the strategic oil town, forcing a disjointed rebel retreat through the desert.
Members of Lybian leader Moammar Gadhafi's loyalist forces and local residents celebrate after entering the Libyan Tunisian border town of Zawiya on March 11.
Libyan rebel fighters run for cover as a bomb dropped by a Gadhafi loyalist Air Force fighter jet explodes on Friday, March 11, some 10 kilometers east of the key oil port of Ras Lanuf. Libyan rebels appealed for arms today as they sent fighters into battle against Moammar Gadhafi's advancing forces, as France and Britain urged targeted strikes in the oil-rich country.
Protesters attend Friday prayers in Benghazi on March 11.
Shrapnel flies as a tank shell explodes near Libyan rebel fighters defending their last position in Ras Lanouf on March 10.
Libyan women in Benghazi on March 9 protest to demand that foreign nations impose a no-fly zone to cripple Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi's air power.
Libyan rebels fire rockets at government troops on March 9 near Ras Lanouf.
A rebel fighter walks with a rocket propelled grenade launcher in front of a burning gas storage terminal on the road between Ras Lanuf and Bin Jawad, March 9.
Refugees that crossed into Tunisia from Libya wait in line for food at a United Nations displacement camp on March 8 in Ras Jdir, Tunisia. As fighting continues in and around the Libyan capital of Tripoli, tens of thousands of guest workers from Egypt, Tunisia, Bangladesh and other countries have fled to the border of Tunisia to escape the violence. The situation has turned into a humanitarian emergency as fledgling Tunisia is overwhelmed with the workers.

Week 4

A Danish F-16 takes off from the NATO airbase in Sigonella, Italy, March 21. The European Union's top foreign policy official brushed aside concerns Monday that the coalition supporting military action against Libyan leader Col. Gadhafi is already starting to fracture, saying the head of the Arab League was misquoted as criticizing the operation.
People look at destroyed weapons belonging to forces loyal to Libyan leader Muammar Gadhafi, after a coalition air strike, along a road between Benghazi and Ajdabiyah on Monday. The coalition enforcing a no-fly zone over Libya is not aiming to "completely destroy" Libyan leader Muammar Gadhafi's military and is only targeting those defying an international mandate, the head of the U.S. Africa Command said on Monday.
A US C-17 plane lands at Aviano air base on Monday. Italy has provided seven airbases as key staging points for strikes by Western-led coalition forces to destroy Libya's air defenses and impose a no-fly zone.
Onlookers gather March 21 at the site where forces loyal to Moammar Gadhafi were targeted a day earlier by a French airstrike in Al-Wayfiyah, west of Benghazi.
U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon, center, is taken away by his bodyguards after been accosted by Gadhafi supporters outside the Arab League building in Cairo on March 21. Around 50 demonstrators loyal to the Libyan leader surrounded Ban, forcing him to retreat into the adjacent Arab League headquarters.
People celebrate atop a destroyed tank belonging to forces loyal to Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi, March 20. Western forces pounded Libya's air defenses and patrolled its skies on Sunday, but their day-old intervention hit a serious diplomatic setback as the Arab League chief condemned the "bombardment of civilians".
Vehicles belonging to forces loyal to Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi explode after an air strike by coalition forces along a road between Benghazi and Ajdabiyah, Sunday, March 20. The initial part of an international operation to enforce a no-fly zone over Libya "has been successful" and the government's offensive on Benghazi has been stopped, top US military commander Michael Mullen said.
A tank belonging to forces loyal to Libyan leader Muammar Gadhafi explodes after an air strike by coalition forces, along a road between Benghazi and Ajdabiyah, March 20.
US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton is welcomed by French President Nicolas Sarkozy before a crisis summit on Libya at Elysee Palace on Saturday, March 19, in Paris, France. Britain and France took the lead in plans to enforce a no-fly zone over Libya on Friday, sending British warplanes to the Mediterranean and announcing a crisis summit in Paris with the U.N. and Arab allies.
 A Libyan jet crashes after being shot down in Benghazi on March 19, as Libya's rebel stronghold came under attack, with at least two air strikes and sustained shelling of the city's south side sending thick smoke into the sky.
A Libyan woman fires a weapon in the air as people gather to celebrate in the eastern rebel-held city of Benghazi on March 18, 2011.
People gather near a burning aircraft north of Benghazi, Libya, Thursday, March 17. Witnesses said the aircraft was piloted by anti-Gadhafi rebels and crashed for mechanical reasons. Gadhafi's forces encircled a key eastern city and his warplanes went deeper into rebel-held territory to bombard Benghazi's airport Thursday, threatening an all-out offensive to bring down the rebellion.
Libyan government soldiers move tanks through the west gate of Ajdabiyah, Libya on March 16.
Rebel fighters flee from Ajdabiya, outside Ajdabiya on the road to Benghazi on Tuesday, March 15. Gadhafi's forces reached Ajdabiya after storming through Ras Lanuf and Es Sider, reversing the advance of a rag-tag rebel army, which only a few weeks ago was confident of charging into the capital Tripoli and toppling Gadhafi.

Arab World to Welcome Allied Assault in Libya?
video
Libyan rebels celebrate next to burning cars after Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi's forces were pushed back from Benghazi, eastern Libya, Saturday, March 19. Explosions shook Benghazi early on Saturday while a fighter jet was heard flying overhead, and residents said the eastern rebel stronghold was under attack from Gaddafi's forces

The Arleigh Burke-class guided-missile destroyer USS Barry launches a Tomahawk missile in support of Operation Odyssey Dawn in the Mediterranean Sea, Saturday, March 19. This was one of approximately 110 cruise missiles fired from US and British ships and submarines that targeted about 20 radar and anti-aircraft sites along Libya's Mediterranean coast.

A handout picture provided by the French Ministry of Defense shows a French Rafale fighter plane taking off from a military base in Saint-Dizier, France, March 19. The jets head for Libya to enforce a no-fly zone and protect civilians and embattled rebel troops. Eyewitnesses report that fighter jets had already entered Libyan airspace while a special summit on the topic was still in session in Paris. French presdident Sarkozy announced that attacks on the pro-Gaddafi forces have been launched after World leaders gathered in Paris on Saturday to discuss the course of action regarding Libya after the UN Security Council passed resolution 1973 that demands the immediate establishment of a cease-fire and a complete end to violence and all attacks against civilians.

Allied Looking to Force Regime Change in Libya?
video
Libyan soldiers loyal to Moammar Gadhafi's forces are seen on the western entrance to the city of Ajdabiya on March 16.

Libyan government soldiers move tanks through the west gate of Ajdabiyah, Libya on March 16.

Saif al-Islam, son of Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, interviews with France-based TV channel Euronews in Tripoli on Mar. 16. al-Islan said "everything will be over in 48 hours."

Week 5

Libyan rebel vehicles pack the road between Ras Lanouf and Sirte in eastern Libya on Monday, March 28. The writing on the truck reads "Free Libya" in Arabic

In this image taken during a trip organized by Libyan authorities, children walk toward a gathering of Moammar Gadhafi supporters on a street under government control in Misrata, 120 miles east of Tripoli, on March 27.

Rebel Forces Make Big Push in Libya

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Men loyal to Libya's leader Moammar Gadhafi sit in their car in front of Bab Al-Aziziyah, Gadhafi's heavily fortified compound, in Tripoli on March 27.
Libyan rebels celebrate in front of a hotel in Ras Lanouf after the key oil port town was taken from Moammar Gadhafi forces on Sunday, March 27.
A Libyan rebel looks though a multiple rocket launcher on the outskirts of Bin Jawad on March 27

Libyan tribesmen gather on March 27, 2011 on the remains of a pro-government ammunition convoy bombed the day before near Ajdabiya by coalition forces.

A distraught Libyan woman, Eman al-Obaidi, stormed into a Tripoli hotel Saturday to tell foreign reporters that government troops raped her, setting off a brawl when hotel staff and government minders tried to detained her.
Rebels flee their positions after shelling from Moammar Gadhafi's forces near Ajdabiya, Libya, on Friday, March 25.
In this image taken during a trip organized by the Libyan government, men gather at a mass funeral for what Libyan officials said were people killed in coalition bombings, in Tripoli on March 24. The cause of the deaths could not be independently verified.

Libyan rebels pray in the desert at a checkpoint on the frontline on the outskirts of Ajdabiya, south of Benghazi, in eastern Libya, March 24.
Members of the influential Libyan Warfallah tribe, loyal to Moammar Gadhafi, stand on the outskirts of Bani Walid, southeast of Tripoli, March 23.
A relative of Fethi Boubaker shouts at Boubaker's house on the outskirts of Bani Walid, southeast of Tripoli on March 23. Boubaker was a member of the Warfallah tribe, which is loyal to Moammar Gadhafi.
Mourners react next to the grave of a rebel killed by forces loyal to Libyan leader Moammar Gaddafi in Ajdabiyah, during his funeral in Benghazi on March 23.
Libyan leaders hold a meeting in Tripoli, Libya on Tuesday, March 22.
A Libyan soldier walks amid wreckage of what was described as a maintenance warehouse hit by two missiles on a Naval base in Tripoli on March 22.
People look at a U.S. Air Force F-15E fighter jet on March 22, after it crashed on Monday night near the eastern city of Benghazi, Libya. The jet crashed after an apparent mechanical failure but its crew were safe, a spokesman for the U.S. military Africa Command said on Tuesday.
The wreckage of a U.S. Air Force F-15E fighter jet on March 22. It crashed near the eastern city of Benghazi on March 21.
Libyan rebels duck for cover as they come under tank fire from Moammar Gadhafi's forces on the outskirts of Ajdabiya on March 22. Rag-tag rebel forces massed for a second day to try to attack government forces that have encircled the town
Libyan rebels retreat as mortars from Moammar Gadhafi's forces are fired on them on the outskirts of the city of Ajdabiya on March 22. Coalition forces bombarded Libya for a third straight night, targeting the air defenses and forces of Libyan ruler Moammar Gadhafi, stopping his advances and handing some momentum back to the rebels, who were on the verge of defeat just last week

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