2014년 11월 24일 월요일

근로용 로봇과 오락용 로봇 : Robots at Work and Play

Advancements in robotics are continually taking place in the fields of space exploration, health care, public safety, entertainment, defense, and more. These machines -- some fully autonomous, some requiring human input -- extend our grasp, enhance our capabilities, and travel as our surrogates to places too dangerous or difficult for us to go. Gathered here are recent images of robotic technology, including a "Blind" robot, unmanned agricultural machines, a robotic Torah writer, a robot traffic cop in Kinshasa, several telepresence machines, humanoid machines, and an Iranian praying robot. 

Students work next to a robot Awabot, created by Bruno Bonnell and designed to allow an absent student to follow the lesson from home on January 21, 2014 in Lyon. Unlike a simple retransmission, the robot moves and can participate to the course. (Jeff Pachoud/AFP/Getty Images)

The new humanoid robot named "Otonaroid" is pictured during a press preview at the National Museum of Emerging Science and Technology in Tokyo on June 24, 2014. Japanese scientists unveiled what they said was the world's first news-reading android, eerily lifelike and possessing a sense of humor to match her language skills. (Yoshikazu Tsuno/AFP/Getty Images)
An unidentified LS 3 team member shoves an LS 3 (Legged Squad Support System) robot that was galloping off course, back on track during a high-speed demonstration in Homestead, Florida, on December 20, 2013. The device is designed to accompany soldiers and Marines any place they go on foot, helping to carry their gear. The south Florida city was hosting an international Robotics Challenge Trials, organized by the U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). The competition, for the creation of robots that can respond to natural and man-made disasters, was created following the 2011 Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear power plant disaster in Japan. After the disaster the Pentagon sent robots designed to disarm improvised explosive devices in Iraq to try to help fix problems at the destroyed reactor in areas highly contaminated by radioactive releases where humans could not work. (Reuters/Andrew Innerarity)
Veldan, a humanoid praying robot built by Iranian schoolteacher Akbar Rezaie, performs morning prayer in front of Alborz elementary school girls in the city of Varamin some 21 miles (35 kilometers) south of the capital Tehran, Iran, on February 24, 2014. Rezaei built the robot to show to children how to execute daily prayers, looking for an amusing way of encouraging young children to say their daily prayers by using the science of robotics. He built the robot at home with basic tools and gave it the designation "Veldan", a term mentioned in Quran meaning: "Youth of Heaven". (AP Photo/Vahid Salemi)
Japanese actor Ken Matsudaira (right), clad in a robot suit, smiles with an android robot in his likeness (left) called "Real Android Matsuken" at a press presentation in Tokyo on November 19, 2013. The android robot was developed for an advertisement for Japanese telecom company KDDI. (Yoshikazu Tsuno/AFP/Getty Images) 
A feeding robot automatically feeds Prim'Holsteins dairy cows in Erbree, western France, on February 18, 2014. Despite an investment cost of 140,000 euros for one robot, the results are impressive with the productivity increasing by an average of 35 kilograms of milk per day and per animal. (Jean-Francois Monier/AFP/Getty Images)
NASA's RoboSimian takes a step during the terrain task at the Homestead-Miami Speedway, Friday, Dec 20, 2013, in Homestead, Florida, Seventeen teams from the United States, China, Japan, and Korea were participating in the DARPA Rpbotics Challenge Trials. (AP Photo/Alan Diaz)
Nogales, Arizona, September, 2013. This Inukton Pipeline Robot is used to travel down pipes and tunnels that may be too small for a person to crawl through. The Inukton has a camera mounted to the front of it and the Border Patrol Agents can control the robot and view what its seeing from a control box. (US Customs and Border Protection/Josh Denmark)
The X-37B Orbital Test Vehicle mission 3 space plane, after landing at Vandenberg Air Force Base, California, on October 17, 2014. The United States military landed the robotic space plane in central California, ending a classified 22-month mission that marked the third in Earth orbit for the experimental program, the Air Force said. (Reuters/Boeing/Vandenberg Air Force Base)
Titan the Robot opens an interactive robotics exhibition in Moscow on May 14, 2014. The robotic performer Titan danced for the audience, made jokes and even tried hitting on Russian women. (AP Photo/Pavel Golovkin) 
Defense contractor Lockheed Martin's Advanced Technology Laboratories' robot clears a path through debris in Pennsauken, New Jersey, on December 12, 2013, during a practice session for a robot competition. (AP Photo/Mel Evans)
Dr. Alan Shatzel, medical director of the Mercy Telehealth Network, is displayed on the monitor RP-VITA robot as he waits to confer with Dr. Alex Nee at Mercy San Juan Hospital in Carmichael, California, on November 6, 2013. The robots enable physicians to "beam" themselves into hospitals to diagnose patients and offer medical advice during emergencies. (AP Photo/Rich Pedroncelli)
Visitors investigate an exhibit during the "Robot Ball" scientific exhibition in Moscow on May 17, 2014. (Reuters/Sergei Karpukhin) 
A robotic jockey controls a camel at Dubai Camel Racing Club during the Al Marmoum camel racing season on November 17, 2013. Historically children from India were used as jockeys on the camels until it was outlawed in 2002. Today robot jockeys are used and include shock absorbers and GPS tracking systems. The camel's owners control the robot's whips from their speeding four wheel drives at the side of the track. (Christopher Furlong/Getty Images) 
A Japanese elderly care company Asahi Sun Clean employee, wearing a power suit called "Muscle Suit" powered by compressed air stored in an air tank on his back, lifts a fellow worker during a demonstration at the annual International Robot Exhibition in Tokyo on November 6, 2013. (Yoshikazu Tsuno/AFP/Getty Images)
A robotic traffic robot cop on Triomphal boulevard of Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo, at the crossing of Asosa, Huileries and Patrice Lubumba streets, on January 22, 2014. Two human-like robots were recently installed here to help tackle the hectic traffic usually experienced in the area. The prototypes are equipped with four cameras that allow them to record traffic flow, the information is then transmitted to a center where traffic infractions can be analyzed. The team behind the new robots are a group of Congolese engineers based at the Kinshasa Higher Institute of Applied Technique. (Junior D. Kannah/AFP/Getty Images) 
A robot of a German team, left, plays the ball besides a British team robot in the Kids League at the RoboCup German Open 2014 in Magdeburg, Germany, on April 3, 2014. 44 international RoboCup Major League teams from 12 countries demonstrate the state-of-the-art competitions in soccer, rescue and service robots. (AP Photo/Jens Meyer)
Liftoff of the Ariane 5 launcher from Europe's spaceport in Kourou, French Guiana, on July 30, 2014, carrying ESA's last Automated Transfer Vehicle to the International Space Station. The unmanned "automated transfer vehicle" brought food, water, oxygen and other supplies for the resident crew aboard the space station. (AP Photo/Stephane Corvaja, ESA)
A robot writes a Torah at an installation in the Jewish Museum in Berlin, Germany, on July 10, 2014. It is an installation by the artist group robotolab. The robot is equipped with a pen nib and ink and will write the Torah at human speed. (AP Photo/Markus Schreiber) 
This picture taken on July 8, 2014 shows Japan's National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) researcher Yoshio Matsumoto (right) showing his humanoid robots "Actroid F", which are male and female twin androids, at his laboratory in Tsukuba. (Yoshikazu Tsuno/AFP/Getty Images)
An SDTI drone of the 61st artillery regiment passes by the official tribune during the traditional Bastille Day parade on the Place de la Concorde in Paris, France, on July 14, 2014. (Reuters/Charles Platiau)
Humanoid robot iCub moves as he is on display during the 2014 IEEE-RAS International Conference on Humanoid Robots in Madrid on November 18, 2014. The iCub is the humanoid robot developed at the Instituto Italiano di Tecnologia as part of the EU project RobotCub and subsequently adopted by more than 20 laboratories worldwide. It has 53 motors that move the head, arms & hands, waist, and legs. It can see and hear, it has the sense of proprioception (body configuration) and movement (using accelerometers and gyroscopes). (Gerard Julien/AFP/Getty Images)
A robot arm, developed by Japanese auto parts maker Denso and operated by computer game software YaneuraOu, sets pieces to play against professional shogi, or Japanese chess player Shinya Sato in Tokyo on March 22, 2014 at the second match of the Denou-sen between computer and professional shogi players. (Yoshikazu Tsuno/AFP/Getty Images) 
A Yamaha RMax unmanned helicopter sprays water over grapevines during a demonstration of its aerial application capabilities at the University of California, Davis' Oakville Station test vineyard in Oakville, California, on October 15, 2014. Researchers at UC Davis have been studying the effectiveness of the drone's ability for spraying pest control and nutritional materials on the test vineyard. (AP Photo/Rich Pedroncelli) 
Team Tartan Rescue's robot CHIMP earned the third-highest score during the December 20-21 DARPA Robotics Challenge Trials 2013. The team's lead organization is the Carnegie Mellon University National Robotics Engineering Center. (DOD) 
NASA astronaut Jeffrey Williams, Expedition 22 commander, performs a check of the Synchronized Position Hold, Engage, Reorient, Experimental Satellites (SPHERES) Beacon / Beacon Tester in the Destiny laboratory of the International Space Station in this NASA handout photo released to Reuters on July 3, 2014. (Reuters/NASA)
Dancers perform among large scale robots during a show at The Robot Restaurant on June 29, 2014 in Tokyo, Japan. The now famous Robot Restaurant opened two years ago in Kabukicho area of Shinjuku at an estimated cost of 10 million U.S. dollars. Performances are held three times a day and cater mostly to foreign tourists. The cabaret style shows include bikini clad futuristic dancers, performers dressed as robots and a host of large scale robots and vehicles controlled with remotes by stage hands dressed as Ninjas. (Chris McGrath/Getty Images)
A visitor interacts with "The Blind Robot" from Singapore during the "Robot Ball" scientific exhibition in Moscow on May 17, 2014. (Reuters/Sergei Karpukhin)
This image from the front Hazcam on NASA's Curiosity Mars rover shows the rover's drill in place during a test of whether the rock beneath it, "Bonanza King," would be an acceptable target for drilling to collect a sample. (NASA/JPL) 
Spanish actor Antonio Banderas embraces a robot used in the film Automata during a photocall on the third day of the 62nd San Sebastian Film Festival, September 21, 2014. Banderas stars in and produced the science fiction film, which was part of the festival's official section. (Reuters/Vincent West)

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