2012년 니콘카메라 선정 현미경 촬영 수상 사진 : Nikon Small World 2012
Nikon Small World 2012
Countdown for a small world
The Nikon Small World Photomicrography Competition has been celebrating the wonders of microscopic realms since 1975. The judges for the 2012 contest sifted through hundreds of entries to come up with their top 20. This 20th-place entry was submitted by the University of Cambridge's Dorit Hockman. The brightfield image shows three black mastiff bat embryos (Molossus rufu) at progressive stages of development. The wings get longer and the ears get bigger during later stages. Click onward to count down to the top-rated image.
19th place: Colorful garlic
This colorful image of a garlic plant's floral primordia won 19th place in the Nikon Small World contest. Primordia are bumps of cells that represent the youngest stage of a flower. The image, which takes advantage of a technique known as epi-illumination, was submitted by Somayeh Naghiloo of the University of Tabriz in Iran.
18th place: Coral sand
Weirdly shaped bits of coral sand are spread out in this 100x brightfield image by David Maitland, a zoologist and photographer living in the English village of Feltwell. The picture won 18th place in the Nikon Small World contest.
17th place: Stinging nettle
Charles Krebs of Issaquah, Wash., won 17th place in the Nikon Small World contest for this 100x image of a stinging tip attached to a vein on a nettle leaf. The microscopic image was made using transmitted light.
16th place: Snails and shrimp
This cross section of fossilized Turitella agate contains ancient freshwater snails (Elimia tenera) and ostracods (seed shrimp). The 7x picture earned 16th place for Douglas Moore, an agate connoisseur at the University of Wisconsin at Stevens Point.
15th place: Look at those gams!
A section of a ladybug's leg glitters in this 10x confocal image from the University of Turin's Andrea Genre. The picture won 15th place in the Nikon Small World contest.
14th place: Pastel pistil
Pinks, oranges and yellows abound in this 10x picture of the pistil from a desert rose (Adenium obesum). The 14th-place picture takes advantage of an image-stacking technique and was entered by José R. Almodovar Rivera of the University of Puerto Rico in Mayaguez.
13th place: Micro-predator
This 400x image, submitted by George Washington University's Diana Lipscomb, shows a type of protozoan known as Sonderia. These are cilates that prey upon various algae, diatoms and cyanobacteria. The image was made using Nomarski interference contrast, and won 13th place in the Nikon Small World contest.
12th place: Cells in gels
The Nikon Small World contest's 12th-place image is this 200x view of lymphatic endothelial cells and fibroblasts, coated on Cytodex beads and seeded in 3-D fibrin gels. The picture, entered by Esra Guc of Switzerland's École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, was made using fluorescence and confocal microscopy.
11th place: Bug guts
This 25x confocal image shows a section of the gut in a fruit-fly larva expressing a reporter for Notch signaling pathway activity (green), and stained with cytoskeletal (red) and nuclear (blue) markers. The picture won 11th place in the Nikon Small World Contest for Jessica Von Stetina of the Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research
10th place: Brittle star
Alvaro Migotto of the University of Sao Paulo won 10th place in the Nikon Small World contest for this 8x view of a brittle star. The image takes advantage of stereomicroscopy and darkfield imaging.
9th place: Taking care of baby
This 5x photomicrograph, which uses reflected light and image stacking, shows an ant carrying its larva. The image, submitted by Geir Drange of Asker, Norway, won ninth place in the Nikon Small World contest.
8th place: Sea gooseberry
This 500x view of a sea gooseberry larva (Pleurobrachia sp.) was captured using a technique known as differential interference contrast. The picture earned eighth place in the Nikon Small World contest for Gerd A. Guenther of Düsseldorf, Germany.
7th place: Eye heart
The University of Utah's Michael John Bridge captured this 60x picture of the eye organ of a fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster) using confocal microscopy. The picture won seventh place in the Nikon Small World contest.
6th place: Algae on the loose
This colorful 100x view of Cosmarium algae near a Sphagnum leaf was captured in polarized light by Marek Mis of Suwalki, Poland. The picture won sixth-place honors in the Nikon Small World contest.
5th place: Great balls of fire
Tiny spheres of cacoxenite mineral from Spain's La Paloma Mine take on a fiery glow in this 18x transmitted-light image, submitted by Honorio Cócera-La Parra of the University of Valencia. It's the fifth-place finisher in the Nikon Small World contest.
4th place: A fly's eye
This 1500x confocal image focuses on the visual system of a fruit fly, almost halfway through pupal development. The retina is shown in gold, photoreceptor axons in blue, and brain tissue in green. The picture earned fourth place in the Nikon Small World contest for W. Ryan Williamson of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute.
3rd place: Bone cancer
This 63x image shows human bone cancer, with actin filaments in purple, mitochondria in yellow and DNA in blue. The third-place picture was produced using structured illumination microscopy and submitted by Dylan Burnette of the National Institutes of Health.
2nd place: Newborn spiders
Live newborn lynx spiders take center stage in this second-place image by Walter Piorkowski of South Beloit, Ill. The 6x photomicrograph takes advantage of reflected light, fiber optics and image stacking.
1st place: Zebrafish brain
Top honors in the 2012 Nikon Small World contest go to this confocal 20x view of the blood-brain barrier in a zebrafish embryo. The picture was captured by Jennifer Peters and Michael Taylor of St. Jude Children's Research Hospital in Memphis, Tenn., and it's thought to be the first image showing formation of the blood-brain barrier in a live animal.