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2013년 4월 6일 토요일

핸드폰의 역사: The History of Cellphone.

The History of Cellphone

Forty years ago, Martin Cooper, a VP at Motorola, made history by placing the very first cellphone call. Appropriately enough, he called his rival at AT&T's Bell Labs.
Thirty-three years later, a slightly more theatrical Steve Jobs dialed a Starbucks cafe in San Francisco to order 4,000 lattes, making the first public phone call from the very first iPhone while a hushed auditorium filled with journalists watched.
In between those prank calls, the cellphone morphed from a chunky plastic giant to a slender glass slab that doubles up as a computer and camera.
The granddaddy of all cellphones was the DynaTac 8000X — the phone Motorola's Cooper used to rib his rival. It went on sale in 1984 and cost almost $4,000. The DynaTak, short for Dynamic Total Area Coverage," had an LED display and took 10 hours to charge. The first flip phone was also Motorola's, called the MicroTac. When the company announced it in 1989, the AP described it as "about as thick as a fat wallet at the earpiece while tapering down to half the thickness of a deck of cards at the mouthpiece.
"That famously annoying Nokia ringtone? The Nokia 2110 was the first to trill a digitized version of the Grand Vals tune, originally composed for a guitar in 1902. 
Motorola's StarTac was the first clamshell phone and quickly became popular following it's 1996 launch. It was also the earliest camera phone, though it wasn't sold that way. Philippe Kahn hacked his StarTac, rigged it up to a Casio digital camera and his computer. When his daughter was born on June 11, 1997, he snapped a photo in the maternity ward, uploaded it to a website and emailed his friends the link.The first commercial camera phones weren't sold until 2000, by J-phone (now SoftBank) in Japan. In the US, around 2002, Sony Ericsson's T68i with its clip-on camera and the Sanyo 5300 were among the earliest photo phones to go on sale.
Somewhere along the line, personal phones hit a weird patch. Nokia sold a "lipstickphone" that you had to pull apart to make calls. Motorola's early swivel phone, the V70, looked like a magnifying glass. The top slab rotated 180 degrees outward to show off a keyboard. And then there was Nokia's 7600, a square phone with tapered ends and buttons arranged around the edges of a central screen.Which may have been why Motorola's slender, square Razr series, first launched in 2004, was such a runaway hit and sold 50 million phones in the first two years since its launch.
As personal smartphones grew through awkward adolescence, the chunkier but more powerful PDAs were being let loose into the wild.BlackBerry's 5810, which went on sale in 2002, was the very first BlackBerry device to get a cellular connection. The Palm TreoW, also a pocket assistant, was the first phone to run a Windows mobile operating system. Together with Nokia's brick-y 9000 series, these phones started to smudge the line between computer and phone.
And then in 2007, the iPhone took everyone by surprise. "...an iPod, a phone, and an internet communicator. Are you getting it?" a smug Steve Jobs asked the assembled crowd at Moscone Theater in San Francisco. "These are not three separate devices. This is one device. And we are calling it, iPhone. Today, Apple is going to reinvent the phone… and here it is."
Since then, flat, skinny smartphones from Nokia and Samsung and HTC (which launched the first 4G phone, along with Sprint) have reconfigured our expectations of a smartphone, and of tablets and phablets. Today's smartphones are barely the same species as the first cordless DynaTak. But even more exciting innovations, like phones that maybe wrap around our wrist and read our feelings from our voice are right around the corner.



Father of the cellphone

Martin Cooper, chairman and CEO of ArrayComm, holds a Motorola DynaTAC, a 1973 prototype of the first handheld cellular telephone in San Francisco, on April 2, 2003. The first call was made from a handheld cellular telephone on April 2, 1973.



Early inventor

Actress Hedy Lamarr in 1941. Lamarr and composer George Antheil designed and patented a communications system in 1942 that has become the underlying technology of the cellular phone.


In this staged photo from General Electric, a stranded motorist calls a service station from an in-car cellular phone in 1983.At that time, in-car cellphones cost about $2,500 to install



Precursor to today's 'phablet'?

A man uses an early mobile phone at the Daily Express newspaper offices in London in October 1988.


Mark-Paul Gosselaar as Zack Morris holds an early cellphone as he talks with Dustin Diamond as Screech Powers in a 1990 TV episode of "Saved by the Bell."



MicroTAC

A MicroTAC cellular phone, complete with nickel cadmium battery, made by Motorola. By the end of the 1980s, Motorola had become the biggest worldwide supplier of cellular telephones.



The unwieldy exterior antenna

Then-Democratic presidential nominee Bill Clinton talks on a cellular phone while meeting with Boston Mayor Ray Flynn in a New York hotel on Sept. 25, 1992. Early cellphones relied on exterior atennas; most are now built into the phones.


The Simon cellular telephone is displayed on Aug. 29, 1994 in Houston. The phone, which could be used as a fax machine, was touted a handheld portable office. It sold for $899.



StarTAC 'flip' phone

When it was launched in 1996, the pocket-sized StarTAC, seen here, at just 93g (3.1 ounces), was the world's smallest phone and the first to operate continuously with dual detachable batteries. It was a clamshell flip phone, setting the standard for many other phones to follow.



The Synergy

The Synergy, a digital smartphone by Philips, is demonstrated in October 1997. The mobile provided wireless access to email, the Internet and faxes.



Treo 180

The Treo 180, manucfactured by Handspring, was a personal digital assistant with built-in cellphone, Web-browsing and e-mail features. The company introduced the product in October 2001, but it was not available until early 2002. Palm later bought Handspring and continued the Treo line.



Sidekick

The T-Mobile Sidekick, top, and Nokia 6800 are seen in 2003 in New York. These machines offered small keyboards and multiple means of staying connected, like instant messages, short text messages, email and voice.



Palm Treo

The Palm Treo, this one a 700w model from 2006, was a huge success commercially. It provided a phone, email and Internet access (be it rudimentary) in a more friendly manner than the BlackBerrys of that time.



'CrackBerry'

A businessman checks his BlackBerry in February 2006 in Washington, D.C. The BlackBerry, which doubled as a phone, earned the nickname "CrackBerry" after it made addicts of several million Americans who used it extensively for work, as well as for their own personal device.



Motorola's slinky Razr

The notion of cellphones as a sleek fashion accessory started with Motorola's Razr, seen in April 2006. It was eminently pocketable, a foreign notion at the time for most cellphones.



The iPhone

Apple CEO Steve Jobs holds up the iPhone as it was introduced on Jan. 9, 2007 in San Francisco.



Google Android takes on the iPhone

The Google Nexus One, left, smartphone with provider service from T-Mobile and the Apple iPhone with provider service from AT&T, sit side by side in January 2010. Google unveiled its Nexus One smartphone in a direct challenge to heavyweight Apple's iPhone handsets. The Internet search giant billed the touchscreen device, the culmination of collaboration with Taiwanese electronics titan HTC, a "superphone" that marked the next step in the evolution of its Android software. The first Android phone was released in 2008.

댓글 1개:

Jason Norin :

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